Bone diseases – guide and info
Improper diet, lack of exercise, genetic factors, severe accidents, bone diseases can sometimes have many different causes. You an often painful symptoms, however, if the disease is not treated in a timely manner by a suitable therapy. Among the most common bones to suffer:
- Osteoarthritis (wear and tear of the joints)
- Arthritis (inflammation of joints)
- Paget’s disease (Paget’s disease or Osteodystrophia deformans)
- Sudeck’s atrophy (CRPS, Algodystrophie or a neuro-dystrophy)
- Osteoporosis (Bone Loss)
- Osteopetrosis (Marble Bone Disease)
- Osteogenesis imperfecta (glass bone disease)
- Osteomylitis (Bone Marrow Inflammation)
- Osteomalacia (Softening Of The Bones)
- Rickets (disorder of the epiphysis, growth)
- Scoliosis (Curvature Of The Spine)
Classic symptoms of bone diseases
- 1 Classic symptoms of bone diseases
- 2 reasons for a disease of the bones and joints
- 3 Disease-Specific Treatment Options
- 4 How is the diagnosis of bone diseases?
- 5 against bone diseases Prevention operate?
As well as all disorders of the bone of a certain stage with severe pain. These relate to either the entire musculoskeletal system, individual joints or other bone portions. An appropriate therapy must therefore include rarely extensive measures for pain relief.
Especially dangerous is the risk of fractures and lesions. They arise due to increased risk of fracture of the diseased bone matrix and can be self-triggered due to minimal vibrations. Depending on the underlying disease, there may symptoms in addition to like
- Circulatory disorders
- restricted freedom of movement
- Skin changes
- physical deformations
- Muscle tension or
- Nerve damage
come. Depending on the type of the disease, the symptoms occur at a young age or in old age, when the bone disease has reached its final stage. In elderly patients, can manifest, in addition to osteoporosis.
Causes for a disease of the bones and joints
A characteristic of many bone diseases is an above-average substance removal of the bone (osteolysis) without adequate restructuring of the affected cell tissue. As the major trigger for the bone loss natural aging processes of the body, vorverle transfer, and a disturbed mineral supply to apply. Also is an unhealthy and sedentary lifestyle, often to the emergence of diseases that affect the bone and joints involved. In particular, osteoporosis is often a lack of exercise.
Other causes of osteolysis can be genetic bone defects, such as those made by hyperplasia (Cell proliferation) or dysplasia (Cell abnormalities). Such deformations are without drugs usually have difficulty in using therapy to treat.
Disease-Specific Treatment Options
As a suitable therapy for bone diseases designed, depends on the individual disease itself. Unfortunately, all the causes of bone diseases are not equally well through a therapy treat. Particularly difficult is the situation with inheritance diseases, where a genetic malfunction based on the bone structure. Better chances of finding a therapy, if the bone disease due to nutrient – or lack of movement (e.g. in osteoporosis). A small Overview:
As the most common bone disease in old age osteoporosis. Earlier it was mostly caused by natural aging processes. Since a few years ago, researchers reported an increase in early osteoporosis as a consequence of an increasingly unhealthy lifestyle of the population. For the treatment and prevention like nutrition, therefore, and movement therapies applied. In rare cases, when genetic and hormonal factors contribute to osteoporosis, drug therapy is required.
Manifests itself in childhood, a growth disorder of the bone joints (epiphyses), this leads to a malformation of the joints and, in consequence, to the development of rickets. The disturbance of the epiphysis, growth is based occasionally on genetic malfunctioning of metabolism. More often, an unhealthy diet or mineral deficiency reason for the bones, however, are also suffering here. As in the treatment of osteoporosis must therefore, in the treatment of rickets, a calcium – and vitamin-rich diet.
Osteoarthritis:due to the treatable
Just older people are increasingly struggling with bone diseases such as osteoarthritis or osteoporosis, because of the natural atrophy of the bone increases from the second half of life rapidly. Affected mainly portions of the bone subject to stress to be pulled. Some signs of wear and tear of the joints are quite normal.
Factors such as Obesity or malalignment of the bone add to this, however, so the wear is fast becoming the sick wear and tear of the joints (osteoarthritis). In the therapy, the medicine is committed to the replacement of the joint sections (e.g. crutches and prostheses). The other drugs will help to alleviate the pain of patients.
Bone diseases in Detail
|Osteomalacia (Softening Of The Bones)|
Osteopetrosis: due to the treatable
Not always substance loss is the trigger for an unstable bone matrix. Uncontrolled Bone growths can affect the health of the joints as well. The marble bone disease, also called Osteopetrosis, for example, by a genetic sub-function of the osteoclasts is triggered. Said cells are important for the natural removal of obsolete or excess bone substance responsible. An osteoclast deficit, consequently, for abnormal Substance growths in the bone matrix. (Similar to uncontrolled growths show also in the clinical picture of Paget’s disease)
In Osteopetrosis, the Option for the surgical treatment consists, in addition to a drug therapy. Thanks to the stem cell transplant, the dysfunctional osteoclasts can be synthesis to restore. The surgery is not completely risk-free.
Osteogenesis imperfecta:bad treatable
The genetic disease Osteogenesis imperfecta (glass bone disease) is caused by defective DNA properties in the synthesis of the Protein ‘collagen, type I’. Accordingly, the genetic disease destroyed one of the most important building blocks for the formation of the bone matrix.
In the course of the glass bone disease, the bone loses its strength. He is glasses, ” and responsive now extremely sensitive to vibrations, what is the risk of fracture raises drastically. A therapy proves to be in Osteogenesis imperfecta particularly difficult because the disease goes back to changes in the genetic information, which can only be treated badly.
Morbus Sudeck:bad treatable
Bug grew in the Form of Algodystrophie or a neuro-dystrophy characterize the inflammatory bone disease Sudeck’s disease. In medicine it is also known as complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) is known and is believed to have insufficiently explored.
Dystrophy has probably the most diverse causes spectrum of diseases of bone. Of accident fractures of the joints via a supply to the bone, with mineral substances to severe mental trauma, and genetic factors, several reasons for disease come to the current state of knowledge in question, which makes it difficult to therapy in comparison to osteoporosis or rickets.
In addition, a Algodystrophie or a neuro-dystrophy, may exert degenerative effects on the body. Side effects, such as developmental disorders in the area of the joints, bleeding, skin changes, and pain cannot be ruled out.
Although the causes of dystrophy are well known, the exact origin of the disease is still not completely clear. Therapy can make, therefore, is usually only palliative help.
How is the diagnosis of bone diseases?
In order to detect bone disease early, or to initiate appropriate therapy, it is necessary to in-depth investigations. They include, among others, a medical assessment of the patient’s condition. First evidence of bone disease can not be limbs only pain and joints. Also, patients should go to the doctor truthful information to their life habits, because diet, daily routine, management, and stress flows in a reliable diagnosis.
The clinical finding of a bone disease, and thus for the development of a meaningful therapy practitioners use the so-called bone density measurement. Here, the structural composition of the bone is detected by means of x-ray or nuclear spin tomography. Occasionally, Ultrasound or urine sample values for the mineral content of the body can be used as a supporting diagnostic measure to be used.
Can against diseases of bone loss Provisions operate?
Bone diseases or their therapy to prevent, each Individual can do something. The preventive measures correspond, in many respects, the treatment of a pre-existing medical condition:
- Balanced nutrition concepts, not only in the therapy successfully apply. As a precaution a patient, you can get a calcium – and vitamin-rich food also for the prevention of diseases such as osteoporosis, rickets, and certain forms of Arthritis.
- The same applies to Sport and physical activity. Daily motion units can counteract the development of osteoporosis and co. positive and thus prevent a time-consuming therapy.
- Algodystrophie or neuro-dystrophy occur in a bone suffering, among other things, as a result of psychosomatic traumas (e.g., States of shock or emotional losses). For this reason, you should pay attention not only in therapy, but in the ideal case, before the need for your mental well-being. In the case of mental strain and Stress it is recommended to ensure full processing of the problem situations and for sufficient periods of recovery.