Often the cause of hallucinations is the pathology of the central nervous system. In psychiatry, sounds in the head are attributed to several diseases at once – schizophrenia, hallucinatory-delusional syndromes, bipolar affective disorder, depressive states.
Types of auditory illusions
Auditory hallucinations are:
- The true ones – a person, seeing such illusions, is sure that they exist in reality. Such noises make it difficult to fall asleep.
- False – noise inside the head or other parts of the body. Such illusions are considered the most dangerous for a sick person. Pseudo-hallucinations do not depend on the human will, are characterized by obsession, violence and completeness.
- Imperative – sharp cries, giving orders, can be dangerous both for the person himself and for his environment.
- Threatening – the kind of illusions in a dream, when the patient can hear threats to himself and his loved ones.
- Contrasting (antagonistic) – a dialogue inside the head, a kind of dispute between two sides.
- Tactile – expressed in non-existent touches. The patient describes the condition as follows: “I wake up because insects crawl on the skin.”
- Inspired – deception of feelings, for example, under the action of hypnosis.
- Functional hallucinations – the presence of a stimulus that affects the senses.
Causes of hallucinations
At an early stage, the cause of the periodic appearance of noise can be overwork, nervous or physical exhaustion. For example, in a healthy person, stressful situations at work and in the family can be the cause of such phenomena.
More frequent cases of hallucinations may indicate the presence of mental problems. The cause of illusions can be high fever, ear diseases, tumors, psychotropic drugs, delirium tremens.
Symptoms of hallucinations that are not the result of mental disorder
In addition to hallucinations, the explanations of which have already been found by science, there are also illusions, the causes of which are still unclear. For example, scientists have not explained the appearance of illusions before bedtime in small children.
Sometimes such visions unexpectedly visit an elderly person who has no mental abnormalities, and this also has no scientific explanation.
Permanent illusions are not a disease – they are only a symptom of a beginning disease. First of all, the doctor communicates with the patient and receives a description of what is happening from him. Depending on the patient’s condition, at this stage it may be difficult to provide the necessary information. If it is not possible to obtain information from the patient, the doctor may interview the relatives.
A number of tests are assigned without fail, such as examination of urine, blood, spinal cord. If the patient is using a hearing aid, it will need to be checked for malfunctions.
Human behavior may give rise to suspect the presence of acoustic hallucinations. For example, if the patient does not immediately answer the questions that are being asked of him, or as if he is listening to something. An important factor in obtaining information from the patient will be to establish the correct contact, in which trust between the doctor and the patient may arise.
Often hallucinations when falling asleep are observed in women and adolescents. As they grow older, they visit a person less and less. An exception may be only those cases when they are caused by health problems.
Reception of drugs selected by the doctor, if the patient has revealed hallucinatory disorders, is likely to be permanent. Treatment is selected only by a doctor and individually for each patient. An antipsychotic medication may be prescribed by a doctor for regular use. For patients whose symptoms have arisen as a result of medication, an adjustment of the dose used is carried out. After re-examination it is possible to use drugs-analogues.
A person who cares about his health should remember that the guarantee of a restful sleep is the observance of several simple rules. The daily regimen, a sufficient amount of time for rest and a healthy lifestyle will allow you to adjust the body for proper and healthy sleep. Knowing which phases of sleep affect a person’s health will make him feel much better. If you experience any warning symptoms, it is best to immediately consult a doctor for examination and therapy.