Various conditions can cause muscular neuralgia. Most often, the pathology is formed due to compression of the nerve trunk surrounding tissues. The disease appears for the following reasons:
- Diseases of the vertebral table.
- Neoplasms affecting the nerve endings.
- Traumatic injuries.
- Vitamin B deficiency
In addition, muscular neuralgia can develop in the presence of diabetes or endocrine system malfunction. Also, cardiovascular diseases, which result in insufficient oxygen supply of the nerve endings, can serve as a pretext.
Often the factor provoking the onset of the disease, is the abuse of alcoholic beverages. These diseases affect the body in general, which is why muscular neuralgia affects several muscle groups and is accompanied by a violation of sensitivity.
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In the human body is located over six hundred muscles that are innervated by one or more nerves. Based on this, there are many types of muscular neuralgia. Each of them is accompanied by acute pain of a cutting or shooting character. It can be felt in different places, but most often in the thoracic and dorsal areas.
Regardless of the location of the focus of the disease, first of all, there are acute pain or muscle spasm, as well as backache, which has aching character. After this, there is a sensation of an electric shock in the form of sharp pains. The attack lasts a few seconds and develops with little motor activity.
Such impulses may appear during:
- the slightest movement.
Neurological symptoms occur only with swelling of the muscles in the localization of nerve endings.
Attention! If signs of muscular neuralgia are found, an appointment should be made with a neurologist to diagnose and select the correct treatment.
Diagnosis of this condition includes a general examination, palpation of the affected area and instrumental methods of examination.
Treatment of muscular neuralgia is carried out comprehensively. Medicines are used to reduce the pain of the patient. As a rule, medications are prescribed in tablets, since their use allows for a profound effect on the irritated nerve.
Apply the following types of drugs:
- Anti-inflammatory (Ketonal).
- Muscle relaxants (Relpax).
- Complexes of vitamins of group B.
To eliminate the sharp and acute pain syndrome, use is made of blocking nerve exit points with analgesic drugs injected by injection.
Receiving anti-inflammatory drugs is aimed at stopping the swelling of tissues around nerve damage, eliminating inflammation and reducing pain. However, these drugs have a significant amount of side effects, so the reception should be carried out in the absence of contraindications after consulting a doctor.
Muscle relaxants allow the skeletal muscles to relax, which helps to reduce pain. Antispasmodics have a similar effect, but it is not so pronounced.
Non-drug treatments for muscle neuralgia include:
- Therapy LFK.
In addition, a good effect in the treatment of pathology is the implementation of physical exercises – swimming, yoga, and walking.
Non-drug treatment should be carried out regularly, since it helps to reduce the intensity of the symptoms of muscular neuralgia, and is also the prevention of new attacks of the disease.
Muscular neuralgia is an independent disease resulting from mechanical damage to muscle tissue, and may appear as a complication of serious pathologies. The disease in most patients is chronic, so it’s worth starting and undergoing a full treatment course, as well as performing timely prevention of the onset of attacks.
In order to fully recover from muscular neuralgia, it is recommended to conduct a comprehensive diagnosis of the body, and if serious violations are detected, first of all undergo a course of treatment until complete recovery.