Infectious diseases – tips and info to infections
Already at a young age you have had certainly to deal with an infection. It is hardly a year in which you are not infected by bacteria, viruses or fungi, and it is lousy at least for a few days goes by in the rule. But there is in addition to the flu, a cold, the typical children’s diseases, infections with a heavy scope. These infections, you wishes not even his worst enemy, nevertheless, you are among the infectious diseases.
Now you are probably wondering what makes actually an infectious disease. Doctors speak of this Disease, if the disease was caused by virus, bacteria, or fungi. Each of these three strains has a number of sub-groups, and through mutations that make control difficult. The type of infection shows why the extinction of the pathogen is virtually impossible. The strains can be liquids through the respiratory air, the contact with the body or simply over the skin transfer. Due to the increased – and often too rapid administration of antibiotics, many resistant strains of pathogens have developed resistance in recent years and no longer developed so strongly, that most of the antibiotics are attacking. However, there are also positive developments. Severe waves of Infection, such as influenza, could be almost completely eradicated. Other infections accompany, however, to us on a daily basis and emerge in new forms.
The symptoms of an infectious disease
- 1 The symptoms of an infectious disease
- 2, The prevention of infectious diseases
- 3 The possible infectious diseases
- 4 The most common bacterial infections:
- 5 The most common viral infections:
- 6 The most common infections caused by fungi:
It would be easy to say that you, if you
have, automatically, under an infectious disease. In fact, the diagnosis is even true, just what infection they hatch, remains open. The symptoms of infection differ significantly from each other, that the symptoms are wide-ranging. You know the difference between the symptoms of a flu and chickenpox, both of which are infections, but they are as different as day and night from each other.
Nevertheless, there are divisions between the various infections. Doctors speak, among other things, of systemic and local infections. Systemic infections affect the body and the organs, here are sometimes the chicken pox, or Hepatitis. Local infections infested but usually only a small area of the body. A wound becomes inflamed or you suffer from an intestinal infection, is automatically a local infection.
Because the symptoms are so versatile, different and at the same time infection across the Board, it is difficult to clearly identify what you are suffering could be. However, you should immediately consult a doctor if you
- become limp feel
- Neck pain
- Digestive problems
- Redness or rash
. Fever is a serious Symptom, and means that your body is already against the pathogen. Circular, local skin rashes may indicate that an insect bite or a tick bite got infected. Of great importance is that you consult with an inflamed wound, directly to the doctor. A thin line of the wound, it could result in blood poisoning, which costs you in the worst case, life.
The causes for infection
As already mentioned in the beginning, come
as the causative agent for an infectious disease into consideration. Added to this are unicellular organisms that damage the body and lead to serious diseases. Actually, the human body is busy around the clock with this pathogen repel. A solid immune system protects us, so that the most harmful strains have no effect on our health. Nevertheless, there are enough cases in which the excitation to the body’s own defense substances over wind and cause damage. Is damaged your immune system or you are in a foreign country with unusual pathogens, the risk is greater that you will contract an infection. The same applies if you already have a pre-existing condition that weakens your immune system. Other pathogens, however, cause even with a strong immune system, often to the disease. Among these pathogens, the HIV Virus, for example, is commonly known as HIV is known. Also, the Vibrio Chloerae bacterium, hepatitis viruses, Streptococcus, enteroviruses, and Borrelia often lead to a disease.
Infectious diseases in Detail
|Glandular Fever (Mononucleosis)|
|Shingles (Herpes Zoster)|
|Lyme Disease (Lyme Borreliosis)|
|Blood Poisoning (Sepsis)|
The prevention of infectious diseases
Due to the many causes that can underlie an infectious disease, it is difficult to protect completely against infection. Against minor infections the careful hands help wash and Avoid to come with of pathogens to be occupied by substances in contact. In addition, you can protect yourself, particularly during sexual intercourse against various diseases. You prevent always, do not share body fluids with Strangers and do not drink from a glass, from the Strange drink.
In General, you can prevent this when you eat a healthy diet and strengthen your immune system. Your body itself provides best and permanent protection against infections. In addition, you should consider the various vaccinations into consideration that there are today. Many diseases could be due to vaccination, significantly limited and even eradicated, so that you should not waive that protection. You to far-away countries, it is advisable if you enquire at an early stage after vaccination.
The most important Preventative measures are:
- Wounds thoroughly clean and observe
- After walks in the countryside and on tick control
- Regularly wash hands
- Avoid touching it with unwashed hands, the mucous membranes
- No unprotected sex
- Preventive vaccinations and examinations
The possible infectious diseases
There are several infections that you could meet. In order to provide a distinction, we will subsequently only infectious diseases that affect the respiratory system and the digestive system. To find these infectious diseases on our page separate infections.
The most common bacterial infections:
- Lyme disease
- Meningitis (viral infection possible)
- Typhoid fever
- Measles, Glandular Fever,
- Chicken pox
The most common infections caused by fungi:
- Athlete’s foot
- Nail fungus
- Skin fungus
- Genital fungus
- Vaginal yeast infections are
- Intestinal fungus