Snoring is a specific process that can accompany breathing in a dream, has a pronounced low-frequency rattling sound and vibrations. It manifests itself due to excessive relaxation of the muscles of the tongue, soft palate, uvula, and other parts of the larynx and pharynx. Currently, the number of clinical trials specializing in the study of the phenomenon of snoring has increased significantly. This is due to the fact that adverse environmental conditions, as well as frequent cases of obesity, provoke the growth of respiratory disorders during sleep.
According to statistics, over 30 percent of people of mature age suffer from them, and this figure increases over time. So, in the age group over 60, night snoring is observed in 65 percent of cases. Further details are considered all possible causes of this condition, as well as effective prevention measures and treatment methods.
About the phenomenon of snoring
It has long been thought that snoring is one of the signs of good health. It was taken to be regarded as an annoying everyday manifestation. However, by now medicine has advanced far ahead, rejecting such conclusions. It was found that during sleep, the intensity of the sounds emitted by a snoring person, reaches 70-80 decibels (for comparison, the intensity of the noise from a working jackhammer ranges from 80-90 decibels).
Snoring can be accompanied by sleep disorders, decreased performance and rapid fatigue. Based on the above provisions, modern experts in the field of somnology began to consider snoring as a serious disease. Against this background, obstructive sleep apnea may develop. So, 21% of snoring patients are diagnosed with OCA.
What is snoring? Ronhopathy, or benign night snoring is a common pathology, it manifests itself in unpleasant sounds made by a sleeping person. It is customary to distinguish between two types of ronchopathy:
- no episodes of apnea;
- accompanied by apnea (periodic stops breathing).
A number of scientists and researchers advocate the hypothesis that loud snoring is a kind of symptom signaling the development of obstructive sleep apnea. Pathology provokes the termination, stopping of pulmonary ventilation while the person is in a sleeping state. Respiratory arrest can last from a few seconds to three minutes. In rare cases, the syndrome can be fatal.
The diagnosis and treatment of this disease are dealt with by specialists in various fields of medicine: neurology, therapy, endocrinology, and many others, but it has not yet been possible to thoroughly study the characteristics of etiology and pathogenesis. As for the causes of snoring, they are psychosomatic and physiological.
Features of the mechanism of development
To date, it is known for certain that the basis of the pathogenesis of ronhopathy is the loss of tonus of the muscles of the larynx, the pathological relaxation of the tissues of the soft palate. Obstruction of the airway may be affected by an obstruction (for example, it may be in the nasal mucosa). Instead of directly passing into the lungs, the air jet twists, causing vibrations in the soft structures of the pharynx, the upper oral cavity. This is accompanied by characteristic rattling sounds.
Ronhopathy can be chronic or temporary. For example, cases of snoring occur when a cold is common. Respiratory failure occurs due to a runny nose or excessive phlegm in the throat. The illness does not require any special treatment, it disappears on its own after recovery. However, the common cold should turn to the ENT specialist for the purpose of treating the disease, which provoked the appearance of characteristic sounds during breathing, in order to exclude possible side effects.
Causes of pathology
Snoring can be triggered by any mechanical obstacle, due to which the air flow is curled. Causes of snoring can be:
- swelling of the pharynx and larynx caused by allergic reactions;
- nasal mucous inflammations that occur with rhinitis;
- adenoids or nasal polyps;
- deformation and curvature of the nasal septum through mechanical action;
- formation of cysts Thornwald;
- congenital abnormalities associated with disorders of the upper respiratory tract;
- narrowing of the lumen of the pharynx, fat deposition in the walls of the pharynx, provoked by obesity, fullness;
- tumors and neoplasms in the nasopharynx, respiratory tract.
Also snoring nose can develop due to frequent sore throats, chronic tonsillitis. These diseases provoke deformity of the tonsils, which leads to violations of the respiratory tract.
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It is impossible to cure ronchopathy with the help of drugs and medicines, therefore doctors advise people suffering from it to agree to surgical operations. However, such a proposal is not important in all cases – often the disease develops due to psychological reasons.
Snoring psychosomatics is usually caused by frequent stresses and feelings, nervous overstrain and overwork. At different ages, various psychological causes of illness can be distinguished. For example, children can make snoring sounds during sleep due to conflicts in the family, tensions with parents or peers.
Psychological factors of snoring in women:
- negative attitudes that prevent moving forward, low motivation;
- hard experience of personal crises and old grievances;
- the habit of “keep everything in yourself.”
When negative emotions do not spill out, and a woman keeps all her stresses and experiences deep inside, this leads to the development of many diseases, in particular, prolonged snoring at night, which is almost unavoidable because it is not corrected by treatment.
Psychological factors of snoring in men:
- blocking, suppressing negative feelings and emotions that can not find a way out, which gradually leads to a concentration of negative energy;
- isolation and secrecy, the inability to share with someone their own experiences;
- low level of motivation, feeling of lack of fulfillment.
These factors lead to the fact that the male body begins to need an emergency discharge, trying to throw out the accumulated emotions. This is the cause of snoring in a dream.
Damage to the nasal septum
The most common causes of snoring, which occur in all age categories, are associated with curvature and deformation of the septum. Nasal septum – a plate that divides the nasal cavity in half. Mechanical injuries or damage can distort the septum, making it difficult for the air to flow into the lungs, and provoke the development of chronic diseases associated with the release of excess mucus in the nasopharynx, such as rhinitis. In this case, the rattling sound when breathing comes from the nostrils. A man can publish it not only during sleep, but also in the waking state.
In such a case, it is possible to cure ronchopathy only with surgical intervention. The operation, which is performed to adjust the position of the nasal septum, is called septoplasty. It involves the following actions:
- incision of the mucous membrane and perchondrium;
- removing the curved septum by removing cartilage;
- removal of bone ridges;
Despite the fact that this operation is considered effective, it does not give one hundred percent guarantee. In rare cases, septoplasty may still show signs of ronchopathy, and in any position of the body.
According to statistics, people who have problems with the thyroid gland or overweight, suffer from ronhopathy much more often. This is due to the fact that fatty tissues are deposited in the neck, squeezing the upper respiratory tract, narrowing the throat lumen.
It was noted above that snoring may precede the development of obstructive sleep apnea. Obesity is one of the factors provoking the disease. Snoring with a closed mouth, accompanied by bouts of respiratory failure is usually diagnosed in people who have problems with overweight.
Thus, snoring due to excess weight is a serious problem that requires an immediate solution. Its ignoring can lead to a lot of negative side effects, up to a long stop of breathing during sleep with a fatal outcome.
A smoker often diagnoses edema and inflammation of the mucous membranes of the nasopharynx caused by chemical compounds of tobacco smoke. Such reactions of the body can lead to a narrowing of the pharynx, violations of the upper respiratory tract.
In the course of large-scale clinical studies, a stable correlation was revealed: the higher the smoking experience, the greater the likelihood of ronchopathy. According to statistics, the percentage of snoring among smokers is much higher than among people who do not have such bad habits.
Snoring due to smoking does not require any special treatment, does not require surgical intervention. You can get rid of it, just stop smoking. If it is not possible to completely abandon the bad habit, then there are a number of recommendations that will also help to normalize breathing:
- try not to smoke for two or three hours before bedtime;
- after a cigarette smoked before bedtime, rinse the throat with a solution of warm purified water and vegetable oil.
These manipulations should prevent snoring.
Surprisingly, snoring and osteochondrosis also have a stable connection with each other. With disorders and injuries of the cervical spine, a person may experience a feeling of suffocation, lack of air.
Cervical osteochondrosis makes it difficult to inhale, provokes the appearance of shortness of breath. These symptoms are most acute at night. Snoring caused by this disease is dangerous to stop breathing. The lack of oxygen causes irreversible processes in the brain. That is why after sleep a person still feels tired and sleepy.
Some useful information
A person may not make snoring sounds in all positions. There is a popular belief that if a snoring person turns from back to side, then he will die down. In some cases, this rule really works, but few people know that the situation in which a person begins to snore may signal the causes of the disorder.
Snoring on the abdomen occurs:
- due to the displacement of the lower jaw;
- due to lengthening of the uvula;
- due to deformity of the tonsils;
- in the formation of adenoids and polyps.
Snoring on the side occurs:
- due to the curvature of the nasal septum;
- due to congenital features of the nasopharynx;
- due to age-related changes in the nasopharynx.
Snoring on the back occurs:
- due to excess weight;
- due to the abuse of smoking;
- due to problems with the cervical spine.
Snoring on the back and nasal congestion also have a connection. For example, a person may make rattling sounds during a period of a cold, progressive viral diseases and infections that cause a runny nose.
During a comprehensive clinical study, Korean scientists found out that people who snore in their sleep are more susceptible to bronchitis. Another statement is also correct: snoring can occur due to bronchitis.
The study lasted for four years, during which time more than 4 thousand people took part in it, among whom were both those who complained about night ronhopathy and those who did not experience such problems. During the observation period, 314 participants were diagnosed with bronchitis or bronchial asthma.
After a detailed analysis of information about patients (their age, bad habits, chronic diseases and disorders), scientists concluded that snoring contributes to the development of bronchitis. So, in snoring people, the disease was diagnosed more often than in those who did not have such problems. The cause of the relationship has not yet been established.