To combat this process, complex therapy is prescribed, including medication and non-drug, as well as traditional methods of treatment.
Causes of pinching
The pinching of the nerve in the cervical spine occurs due to the clamping of any tissue. Most often, nerve endings or roots are clamped by vertebrae or intervertebral discs. Cartilage and bone tissue are displaced due to pathologies, resulting in a pinched nerve. In this case, the treatment of pinching of the cervical vertebra is indispensable.
In addition to cartilage and bone tissue, muscles can cause pinching. Spasms, which are formed due to stress or physical exertion, lead to temporary clamping of the nerve. Usually the spasms pass by themselves, however, therapy is also needed to reduce the frequency of muscle malfunction.
The most serious case is if the nerve endings are pinched by a neoplasm. This may be a tissue formed from a thyroid cancer or a branch of an expanding vertebra. In this situation, hospitalization is prescribed, most often – surgery.
Occasionally clamping occurs through the fault of the thyroid gland, which has increased as a result of hormonal disruptions.
Factors that trigger a pinched nerve
The provoking factors of pinching the cervical nerve are sudden movements and injuries. Some cases occur due to chronic pathological processes occurring in the body.
Doctors identify the following prerequisites for the development of clamping:
- cervical spine injuries;
- endocrine disorders;
- osteochondrosis of the cervical vertebrae;
- psychophysical overload;
- sharp movements;
- weakened state of the cervical and muscles lying there;
- improper healing of damaged tissues, the appearance of tumors.
The main factor that leads to pinching is a sedentary, unhealthy lifestyle. With constant work in a sitting position and the lack of regular gymnastics for the neck, the risk of being pinched increases significantly.
Symptoms of the disease
Jamming is of several types. The main one is the clamping of nerves or nerve roots, which is quite easy to cure. However, sometimes, in especially serious cases, pinching of blood vessels joins it. In the cervical region are important ways of blood transmission, which are responsible for feeding the brain. If they are partially blocked, there are serious dysfunctions of the body. Symptoms are divided into two types: with or without pinching arteries.
If the circulatory system is not affected, the patient may hardly feel unwell. The severity of symptoms depends on the patient’s pain threshold. The main manifestations of pinching:
- neck pain;
- pain that gives in the hands;
- migraines, frequent headaches, moving from the occipital region to the forehead;
- impaired memory and attention;
- in severe cases – speech disorders, problems with swallowing.
As a result of pinching, laryngeal edema may begin. When probing, you can detect excessive muscle tension in the cervical region. This happens if a pinch is caused by muscle spasms. In the case of muscle-strain, the patient may feel excessive tension or fatigue, pain in the cervical region even in the absence of movement.
Symptoms of pinching with compression of blood vessels are as follows:
- rapid patient fatigue;
- dizziness, loss of consciousness;
- feeling short of breath;
- slowness, deterioration in the speed of thinking;
- memory impairment and decreased alertness;
- pallor, general weakness.
In advanced cases, clamping of the blood vessels can lead to ischemic stroke, which is very difficult to treat. If a nerve is pinched in the neck, it is necessary to consult a doctor in time.
Incidence of disease
Pinching of the nerve or nerve roots most often occurs in elderly patients, as well as in infants. Older people are more likely to suffer from osteochondrosis. This disease is a factor in the occurrence of clamping. As a result of weakening of the cartilage tissue, the intervertebral discs crack, leading to the displacement of the entire cervical spine. At the site of the affected discs in the last stages, a hernia occurs. Displacement of the vertebrae and hernial formations cause contraction of the muscles, nerves and blood vessels.
In children, pinching of the nerves occurs due to insufficient development of the cervical region. Constriction of the nerves are most susceptible to infants up to 1 year old and even embryos that have developed in the wrong conditions. Jamming in children can occur as a result of:
- mistakes of doctors when taking birth;
- discrepancies in the size of the fetus to the birth canal (endurance, large fruit, hydrocephalus);
- pressure on the fetus from the umbilical cord, incorrectly located spine of the mother, intestines;
- improper presentation of the fetus.
As a result of pinching of the cervical nerve and displacement of the vertebrae (especially the first two), torticollis often occurs in infants. Violations of the nervous message and the incorrect location of the vertebrae in children are easily treated. It is much harder to cope with the pinched in adult and old age.
First Aid for Congestion
Pinching the nerve leads to severe pain, which often deprives a person of the opportunity to move and continue to work. In addition, pinching is fraught with complications. Therefore, at the first signs of this problem, it is necessary to consult a doctor.
In the case of clamping a nerve, you should take painkillers (better enhanced action – those issued by dentists after surgery). In order for the pain to subside a bit, and concomitant cross-clamping does not occur in the cervical region, you need to lie down on a hard surface, fixing the neck in a certain position, and try not to move. In parallel, the doctor is called.
Diagnosis of the disease
To find out the nature of the pinching of the cervical nerve, hardware diagnostics are performed. The main methods of testing are tomography and x-rays. In the absence of expressed complaints prescribed x-rays. Tomography is carried out in cases where it is necessary to find out the slightest nuances of the location of the vertebrae and cartilage.
In the course of diagnosis, anamnesis is also being collected: a set of patient complaints. The patient describes his condition: pain, problems when trying to change the position of the neck, absent-mindedness, migraines, etc. If necessary, the doctor performs a palpation of the cervical region. It allows you to identify excessive muscle tension or the presence of serious formations (hernia, tumor). If they are suspected, the patient can also be sent for an ultrasound scan.
Cervical Nerve Therapy
In most cases, the treatment of the problem is carried out without the help of surgery. The operation is appointed only in extreme cases, if all other methods of therapy do not give proper results.
The basis of treatment is a complex combination of several techniques. First of all, symptomatic drugs are prescribed. These are pain relievers:
Pain medications can be prescribed in the form of tablets for oral administration or injection. Injections are selected for particularly acute pain, usually in a medical institution. In severe cases, corticosteroid injections are given. They help relieve muscle spasm and quickly eliminate pain.
If the pinching of the nerve in the cervical spine is complicated by disruption of the muscles, antispasmodics are prescribed. They help relieve excessive muscle tension and muscle spasms, which lead to increased pain. If the clamping of the vessels was caused by muscle spasms, then taking antispasmodics can completely solve the problem. However, to prevent re-development of the disease, it is necessary to undergo a course of physiotherapy, massage and exercise therapy.
During home therapy, the patient may use warming adhesive plasters and light sedatives. Warming the cervical spine helps to fight pain during those periods when taking painkillers is no longer possible (for example, the daily rate of the drug has already been consumed). If swelling occurs in the neck area, cold compresses should be applied. Sedatives during home therapy help to restore the patient’s sleep, which due to discomfort often cannot fall asleep.
Physical therapy and physiotherapy are prescribed in the final stages of treatment when the patient no longer suffers from acute pain. Physical therapy includes electrophoresis and massage, acupuncture, ultrasound treatment.
If the patient suffers from chronic pinching of the nerve in the neck, it is recommended to undergo a course of sanatorium-resort treatment to consolidate the results of therapy. Exercise therapy is carried out in parallel with physiotherapy. Regular gymnastics allows you to restore the muscles of the neck and make this section more stable. This will reduce the risk of pinching the nerve in the cervical region.
To prevent the development of pinching will help a healthy lifestyle and physical activity. People with sedentary work need to do light exercise every 3 hours, including turning and tilting the head. To reduce the tension of the muscles of the cervical, it is recommended to do a light self-massage.
If the patient has a tendency to scoliosis and displacement of the cervical vertebrae, it is desirable to purchase a special orthopedic mattress and pillow. In his spare time, not only gymnastics for the neck should be carried out, but also exercises supporting posture. To keep it intact, it is not recommended to wear backpacks and bags on one shoulder. If there is a tendency to the formation of a hernia, you can not lift weights.
For constant maintenance of the tone of the cervical muscles, doctors recommend swimming or yoga. Sessions with a frequency of 2-3 times a week will help strengthen the muscles, reduce the frequency of their spasms, reduce the risk of cervical vertebrae dislocation.
Well affects the condition of the neck professional therapeutic massage. If finances and temporary opportunities allow, it is necessary to undergo sanatorium preventive treatment annually. This is especially important for patients who work in a sitting position.
In order to notice in time all the pathological processes in the neck (osteochondrosis, displacement of the vertebrae, the formation of a hernia), it is necessary to undergo regular medical examination and be checked by an orthopedic surgeon and a neurologist.