- 1 How manifest
- 2 Noise appearance mechanism
- 3 Foreign object
- 4 Ear pathologies
- 5 Circulatory disorders
- 6 Cervical osteochondrosis
- 7 Inflammatory processes
- 8 Medicines
- 9 Age changes
- 10 Diagnostics
- 11 Treatment
Noise in the head manifests itself in different ways. It may sound like a constant or increasing ringing, hum, clicking, whistling, buzzing. It happens loud, barely audible. Appears immediately in two ears, or only in one, fills the entire head. Accompanied by hearing loss, pulsating.
Usually, doctors emit subjective and objective noise. The subjective person hears from himself, no one else hears him. However, it is not a hallucination. Objective is more common. It can be heard through a stethoscope.
The intensity of the auditory sensations allows you to talk about 4 degrees. Noise of the first degree does not lead to discomfort, does not interfere with night and day rest. In the second degree, he begins to annoy a person. The third leads to insomnia, depression, affects behavior and well-being. The fourth degree noise annoys constantly, becomes unbearable, deprives sleep, makes it impossible for patients to rest, study, work.
Noise appearance mechanism
The sound wave affects the eardrum and is transmitted through the chain of auditory ossicles to the membrane of the inner ear. The movement of fluid causes friction of the hair cells of the organ of Corti (auditory receptors) on the integumentary plate. The sound is converted into electrical impulses. Excitation of receptors occurs, which is transmitted through the auditory nerve to the center of the hearing of the brain.
At the stage of sound transformation, the hair cells move in the rhythm of its oscillations. However, sometimes under the influence of damaging or irritating factors, random, chaotic movement occurs. As a result, a large number of electrical signals appear that the brain cannot divide and perceives as noise.
Sounds in the head occur for various reasons. It can be:
- hitting a foreign object in the ear;
- ear pathologies;
- diseases of the heart and blood vessels;
- spinal pathology;
Sounds in the ears appear due to occlusion of the ear or the pathology of its various structures. When blocking or the appearance of a foreign body, there is a constant touch and pressure on the membrane, which is perceived as noise interference.
The appearance of sulfuric plug is the most common cause of ringing. It occurs due to an abnormally developed auditory canal, a violation of secretion, inflammation.
The emergence of buzzing, ringing is often associated with live insects in the ear. They crawl through the eardrum and create discomfort. Often in the head makes a noise because of the ingress of water when swimming or a sharp change in pressure when flying on an airplane.
Noise occurs often due to ear diseases.
Diseases of the external department
When ecostasis on the wall of the external ear canal bone growths are formed. With a sufficiently large amount of education, there is a change in the relief of the passage, which violates the movement of the hairs of the internal section. The disease can occur due to congenital syphilis or genetic defects.
In the outer ear, a fungus sometimes settles, which damages its structure and causes swelling, which causes it to buzz in the ear. The disease is called otomycosis.
Pathology of the middle department
The diseases of this department include:
- various types of otitis;
Running acute inflammation caused by pathobacteria causes rupture of the membrane. Pus flows from the outer ear, and the swollen mucous membrane takes over the pulse of the arteries. Noise becomes pulsating.
With tympanosclerosis, scars and lipid plaques appear on the membrane, they change its structure, disrupt functioning. By tinnitus leads to a violation of the conduct of sounds in the inner ear. This process is also associated with the occurrence of noise during membrane breaks. However, in the latter case, you can get rid of the ringing, as soon as the effects of a contusion are cured. With tympanosclerosis, it will appear again.
The crackling, the sound of the transfused water arises with the Eustachitis. In this disease, inflammation occurs in the Eustachian tube as a complication of rhinitis.
Pathology of the internal department
Noise in the head occurs in diseases of the inner ear, causing damage to the hair cells: labyrinth, otosclerosis, syphilis, contusions of this department. Often accompanied by vestibular disorders. This is characteristic of labyrinthitis, poisoning, syphilis.
With otosclerosis, the bone grows in the inner maze. The disease develops gradually, begins with a single ear. Immature bone tissue, saturated with blood vessels, appears in different parts of the maze. Subsequently, it is converted into sclerosed bone, which leads to immobilization of the stirrup and impaired sound conduction. The appearance of noise is associated with metabolic disorders in the anterior part of the labyrinth – the cochlea. With this disease, tinnitus resembles a quiet hiss or leaves rustling in the wind.
With internal injuries, noise occurs mostly due to swelling and pressure increase. It can appear as a ringing, disappears after recovery.
Noise in the head and ears occurs due to impaired blood circulation in the brain and the inner ear. Remove ringing with these pathologies, drinking one pill, will not work. These include:
- Meniere’s disease;
- Lermoye syndrome;
- vegetative dystonia;
As a result of a violation of vascular permeability, the level of the endolymph in the inner ear rises. Under its pressure, the ear cavity expands, the auditory and vestibular receptors are damaged.
The disease is paroxysmal – suddenly begins to feel dizzy, vomiting, hallucinations, tinnitus, uncontrolled urination, sweating appears.
Pathology is characterized by spasm of the arteries located in the maze. This leads to a decrease in oxygen production by the structures of the inner ear. The disease is paroxysmal, includes 3 phases.
The first is characterized by hearing loss, the occurrence of strong noise. The second is dizziness. The patient begins to vomit. In the third state it is restored. It affects one ear or two at once.
Sudden spasms of the brain’s blood vessels and their subsequent relaxation lead to the emergence of a noise that captures the entire head. As a result, there is a noise in the head and both ears at the same time, repeating heartbeats.
Especially often it occurs in meteo-dependent people, in a state of stress and extreme fatigue.
With atherosclerosis, lipid plaques appear on the walls of blood vessels. As a result, there is a double mechanism for the occurrence of sounds. In the area of plaques formed turbulence, which manifest as a pulsation.
Pulsation rhythm corresponds to the heart rhythm. Hemodynamics is disturbed in vessels narrowed due to plaques. Due to hypoxia, nerve cells die. Tinnitus is considered one of the first signs of atherosclerosis.
The mechanism of the appearance of a buzzing sound in thrombosis is similar to atherosclerosis. The only difference is that instead of an atherosclerotic plaque, a blood clot forms in the vessel.
It can be on the wall of an artery, vein, or come off and clog a blood vessel. This leads to impaired blood circulation and hypoxia.
Constant pressure surges, its increase leads to a decrease in the elasticity of the arteries, metabolic disorders. On the inner walls of blood vessels appear protein formations, leading to their narrowing and loss of flexibility. The next rise in pressure, sudden drops lead to the emergence of a hum, whistling sounds.
Tinnitus can also be considered a complication of hypertension – due to oxygen deficiency, brain tissue is dying out.
The sharply generated intense noise in the ears and head indicates a sharp increase in pressure, rupture of the vascular wall, and stroke.
Over time, the cartilage tissue in the intervertebral discs is destroyed, it is replaced by osteophytes. The arteries are pinched, the blood supply to the hearing organs decreases, the pressure on the sympathetic nerve plexus increases. Violation of blood flow is immediately manifested by a rumble in the head.
With cervical osteochondrosis, tinnitus may change its character depending on the position of the body. Sometimes sounds remind squeak, in other cases they become pulsating.
Tinnitus accompanies the common cold. It appears when there is a runny nose, sinusitis, sinus – stuffy nose, accumulations of mucus and pus lead to negative pressure and a sensation of noise.
Tinnitus is caused by taking certain medications. Then they talk about the ototoxic effect of the drug. In this case, the hair cells are damaged, the cochlea is destroyed, the fluid balance in the internal section is disturbed. Most often, the ototoxic effect appears as a result of taking the following groups of drugs:
- Antibacterial drugs – aminoglycosides. These include Monomitsin, Neomycin, Tobramycin. The cause of ringing in the ears is treatment with drugs – aminoglycosides, intended to treat otitis. The effect increases with repeated treatment. More pronounced in children and the elderly.
- Antibacterial drugs – macrolides. This group includes Erythromycin, Clarithromycin.
- Salicylates, in particular, Aspirin tablets.
- Loop diuretic drugs – Furosemide, Pyretamide.
- Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs – Indomethacin, Ibuprofen.
- Antimalarials – Khorokhin, Quinine.
- Antineoplastic drugs – Methotrexate, Vincristine.
- Anti-TB drugs – Pazer, Simpas.
With aging, the functions of the hearing aid are impaired. Older people not only hear worse, they often have noise in their heads, which manifests itself as squeak, hum, gnash. Normal age-related changes are almost always accompanied by a violation of blood pressure, atherosclerosis.
Why is ringing and buzzing in my head, you can find out only by visiting the doctor and passing the necessary diagnostics. A visit to a specialist when noise appears cannot be postponed in any way. Acute inflammatory diseases can lead to serious consequences. They are detected and confirmed usually with a standard otolaryngological examination and according to the results of a blood test.
In order to clarify the diagnosis of circulatory disorders, you will need to undergo an MRI scan, an ultrasound scan with a Doppler, and possibly angiography. An MRI or CT scan can help determine cervical osteochondrosis.
The slightest suspicion of traumatic brain injury is the basis for radiography.
In case of any diagnosis, the otolaryngologist will conduct an auditory test to clarify the degree of hearing loss, record an audiogram.
Medical tactics completely depends on the diagnosis. Pills for noise in the head, as well as ears, include medications aimed at:
- improved blood circulation;
- cholesterol reduction;
- lowering blood pressure;
- saturation of the body with vitamins;
- normalization of metabolism.
Tinnitus medications are used only on prescription. Treatment of folk remedies is also better not to start before determining the exact diagnosis.
To quickly reduce the intensity of the drone at home, you can use this method – close your eyes, open your eyes, immediately after that, open your mouth, swallow. Well eliminates drone acupressure:
- At a point exactly in the center above the upper lip, press with your index finger and gently massage for 8 seconds.
- Press the point on the nose, 8 seconds to do a light massage.
- For 7 seconds, press your finger on a point near the lobe of the right and left ear.
- Continue the massage a little higher around the small fossa.
- The last point is on the top of the ear. Her massage for 8 seconds.
A variety of causes lead to the occurrence of ringing in the head and ears. These are diseases of the ears, the heart, the vessels, the spine. Tinnitus manifests itself as a buzz, crackle, chatter. Special medications, folk recipes will help get rid of the constant noise in the head, but therapy can only be prescribed by a doctor.