The damage to the membranes of the spinal cord and brain, triggered by bacteria, viruses, fungi, is defined by official medicine as serous meningitis. At risk are mainly children of preschool age. This is precisely the period when the baby begins to attend kindergarten, where there may be potential carriers of the virus. In schoolchildren and adults, this pathology is rarely detected.
The disease is characterized by symptoms accompanying meningitis of a different etiology. It is high (above 38) fever, headache, nausea and vomiting. Such symptoms make it difficult to timely diagnose, as parents often confuse the condition with catarrhal diseases. But the consequences are adverse, so the manifestation of any signs should force to seek medical help.
Causes of disease
The main pathogens that provoke serous meningitis are bacteria and viruses, less commonly fungi. But the main reason is the enterovirus. Infection of a healthy person occurs by air, contact routes or through water. Often the disease is diagnosed as a complication after illness:
Infection often occurs from an infected person even while talking to him. The largest peak is in the warm season, as many water bodies are infected with harmful microorganisms.
A healthy immunity allows the body to withstand the onslaught of infection. Weakened immunity, unhealthy diet, poor lifestyle allow the virus to quietly penetrate and damage the weakened body. This explains the fact that serous meningitis in adults or children is a consequence of another illness. In a weakened organism, the enterovirus with a blood stream quickly reaches the brain, provoking an initial severe inflammatory process.
Modern medicine defines several types of serous meningitis. It depends on the type of pathogen or agent of the disease:
- serous meningitis triggered by Coxsackie or Echo;
- bacterial, where the agent is bacteria that cause tuberculosis and syphilis;
- fungal parasites such as Candida, Coccidioides immitis.
Depending on the severity of the course of the disease at the time of its detection, several more species are determined – primary or secondary degree.
Symptoms of the disease
After infection of the body, the disease can appear in 2-6 days. It is this incubation period in pathology. The treatment is long, requiring hospital stay. Recovery is possible in at least two weeks.
The disease manifests itself with meningeal specific symptoms:
- high body temperature;
- nausea, vomiting;
- eye pain when looking at bright light;
- ear pain even with slight noise;
- lack of appetite;
- symptom Brudzinsky or Kernig.
Meningeal signs are the presence of several symptoms simultaneously. If symptoms of Brudzinsky are revealed, the patient cannot turn his head, bend his neck. When you try to bend one leg, the second bends spontaneously. Defining the symptom of Kernig, the patient is asked to raise the leg vertically from a prone position. If there is a disease, he will not be able to do this. Often the condition is accompanied by loss of consciousness.
A pathology such as serous meningitis is diagnosed fairly simply on the basis of the listed symptoms. But this is enough only for a medical history. The patient has to undergo a full laboratory and instrumental examination. Serological diagnosis involves:
- general blood analysis;
- bacteriological analysis;
- spinal tap;
- Ultrasound, MRI of the brain.
Often, after collecting the spinal cord, patients feel significant relief. This is further evidence that serous meningitis is present in children or adults. Relief is temporary, since intracranial pressure drops sharply after fluid intake. The treatment is complex and long. It is necessary to do this, since the consequences are rather sad.
The appearance of these symptoms should cause anxiety, especially among parents. Do not wait for the arrival of the district pediatrician. The course of the disease is swift, so it is best to call the ambulance brigade.
If at high temperatures the patient cannot bend his legs, turn his head, one can suspect serous meningitis. In this situation, emergency hospitalization is required.
To lower the temperature, to give antibiotics yourself is undesirable. This will give a temporary effect and complicate the diagnosis. Treatment of serous meningitis does not involve the use of antibacterial drugs. After the diagnostic examination, the doctor usually prescribes:
- antiviral drugs, often interferon;
- immunoglobulin is prescribed to strengthen the immune system;
- to reduce intracranial pressure – diuretics (Furosemide, Lasix);
- antispasmodics (No-shpa, Drotaverin);
- droppers with prednisone and ascorbic acid;
- colloidal preparations are prescribed in the absence of cardiac pathologies;
- antipyretic only when the temperature is above 38 ° C;
- Seduxen, Domesan to prevent seizures;
- vitamin therapy.
For several days, the patient was assigned bed rest. Unnecessary movements should be excluded. The etiology of the disease is not fully understood. Therefore, it is better to strictly follow all prescriptions and recommendations of the doctor. This is the only way to quickly achieve complete recovery without the sad consequences.
Consequences of serous meningitis
If timely medical assistance was provided to the patient, the consequences of the disease are favorable. The heat disappears on the 3-4th day, full recovery is possible in two weeks. If an appeal to a medical institution was untimely, the treatment was carried out at home using improvised means, then CSF-hypertensive syndrome may be noted. This is an increased intracranial pressure caused by accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (spinal fluid) in the brain.
The situation is serious, provoking:
- loss of consciousness;
- inadequate mental and physical development;
- violations of the organs of hearing and vision, up to a complete loss;
- kidney disease;
- to whom;
- sudden infant death syndrome or death in adults.
Particularly dangerous consequences caused by the tuberculosis pathogen. This form of the disease requires the use of anti-TB drugs. If this has not been done, the death of the patient may occur on the 22-25th day after the onset of the disease. Inadequate or incomplete treatment provokes a relapse.
Treatment of any form of meningitis is not pumped at the time of discharge from the hospital. A whole range of preventive measures will be recommended, some of which will have to be observed and implemented for 4 years. Prevention does not hurt those who have been in contact with the patient.
The best prevention is considered to be a strong immune system, which is easy to maintain a healthy diet, fortified complexes. Adults need to give up alcohol and smoking, children and their parents to ensure a healthy lifestyle. Tuberculosis vaccination may be recommended. Ignore this procedure is not worth it. This ensures no recurrence.
In addition, it is recommended:
- do not visit polluted reservoirs;
- regularly do wet cleaning, air the room;
- wash hands after the street and before meals;
- wash fruits and vegetables before eating;
- do not use tap water;
- follow the rules of personal hygiene.
Principles of nutrition
Strengthen the immune system will help not only ready-made vitamin complexes, but also recommendations of alternative medicine. Children need from early childhood to explain what threatens junk food. Therefore, it is necessary to exclude carbonated sugary drinks, spicy, fried, fatty foods, salt and sugar to a minimum, to abandon visits to fast foods. The menu of the person who suffered meningitis should be present:
- fresh vegetables and fruits;
- dairy products;
- hard cheeses;
- lean meats (boiled, steamed);
- sea fish and seafood;
- buckwheat, cheese;
- dried fruits.
Even in the network of modern supermarkets you can pick up products that provide a balanced and healthy food.
Often a relapse can provoke contact with street animals. With all the great love of cats and dogs, it is desirable to exclude this. After the transferred pathology, the children become much smarter and agree with their parents. Pets need to get rid of worms and carry out prevention of fleas. Make it a few days before the return of the former patient.
Long walks in the fresh air, swimming, slow cycling will help not only strengthen the immune system, but also support the heart muscle.
Tips for traditional medicine
Traditional medicine is a separate, huge world that helps to maintain the immune system in good condition, increase resistance and saturate the body with vitamins. The source of vitamin C, which is important for a healthy immune system, is not only in citrus fruits. They are rich in:
- rose hips and mountain ash;
- ginger root;
- Bulgarian pepper;
- Brussels sprouts;
- beef liver;
- sea buckthorn oil;
No less useful for maintaining and restoring immunity herbal infusions or decoctions that you can prepare yourself. To do this, use herbs that have anti-inflammatory effect. You can safely apply:
- cornflower flowers;
Herbs can be used separately or you can prepare your own herb collection. To do this, you need an equal amount of raw materials mixed in a separate bowl. A tablespoon of grass collection pour a glass of boiling water, insist, drink warm instead of tea. You can add honey.
Honey is a natural antibiotic and the richest source of vitamins. Therefore, it must be present in the menu throughout the recovery period, if this product is not allergic. It, like flower pollen, can be safely added to drinks and fortifying mixtures. One of these mixtures gives a powerful strengthening effect. For cooking you will need:
- dried apricots;
These components need to take 200 grams. Grind everything in a meat grinder or using a blender. To the resulting mass add a glass of honey and chopped lemons (3 pcs.). Lemons mince along with the peel.
Honey loses healing properties in hot water. It is better to dissolve it in beverages whose temperature does not exceed 65 ° C.
Do not forget about the benefits of cranberries. Morse from this healing berry quickly helps to put in order and strengthen the immune system. For cooking, you can use fresh and frozen berries. A glass of cranberries must be crushed and squeezed juice. Dilute juice with water, bring to a boil, but do not boil. Sugar add undesirable. He kills a lot of nutrients in the drink. It is better to add honey to warm juice.
Modern medicine and pharmacology in order to prevent meningitis, it is recommended to actively use the means to strengthen the immune system. It is difficult to raise it quickly, especially after the illness. But to maintain a high level, adhering to a healthy lifestyle and good nutrition, it is quite possible. This is important for children and adults.