Pinching of the sciatic nerve in the back is accompanied by severe pain. This syndrome occurs when the nerve endings of the lumbar spine are compressed. Patients complain of unbearable pain that does not go away in any position of the body. Pain syndrome is not localized in one place, starting in the lumbar region, it goes down along the gluteus maximus down the leg all the way to the foot. Extensive damage due to the fact that the sciatic nerve is the largest in the human body.
Eliminate pain can be at home, using drugs for external use. Most often, patients are prescribed various ointments for the back with a pinched nerve that are commercially available. But without timely seeking medical help and consulting a doctor, self-medication will only aggravate the painful condition over time.
The main symptom, talking about the pinched sciatic nerve – a pronounced pain factor. Primary symptoms manifest themselves at night, most often with supercooling of the body and severe stresses in the daytime. In a running form, sciatica worries a person day and night. Patients describe pain in different ways, but their general characteristics are expressed as acute, shooting, burning pain. Sciatica is characterized by the spontaneity of the onset of pain, which also abruptly disappears and then suddenly appears again.
Symptoms of a pinched nerve:
- change of gait – in order to mitigate pain while walking, a person is forced to transfer body weight to another non-inflammatory side, so a short-term relief comes as you move;
- numbness of the skin, loss of sensation around the affected lumbar region, while the sensitivity then disappears, then returns when the attack subsides;
- weakening of muscle tone in the affected area;
- increased sweating of the feet and palms, swelling and flushing of the skin in the affected area due to vegetative changes, provoked by severe pain.
To cope with unbearable acute pain will help ointment from pain in the back and lower back with pinching of the nerve.
Stages of treatment
Pathology treatment takes place in several stages. The main therapeutic procedures are prescribed by a neurologist after a comprehensive examination of the patient:
- The first stage is aimed at relieving pain with painkillers. These may be ointments or analgesic pills. In case of exacerbation of symptoms, it is important to exclude active mobile activity, adhere to bed rest and follow a diet without salty, spicy and smoked dishes.
- The second stage of treatment fights inflammation. The doctor prescribes nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in the form of injections, oral or external medications. The form of release of drugs depends on the severity of the disease.
- The third stage of therapy is aimed at restoring the health of the nerve and the tone of muscle tissue. Recommended courses for taking vitamins, massage treatments and physiotherapy. Also shown therapeutic restorative physical education, manual therapy.
All the above methods are conservative treatment. But if the back pain does not go away, the seizures happen more often and become more and more protracted, and surgical intervention is required. With timely treatment for medical help, pathology can be eliminated with medication.
What kind of ointment is suitable for the treatment of sciatica?
Ointments from pinching the nerve in the back have a local effect, they are prescribed for the first or second degree of severity of the disease.
Ointments, gels, creams for sciatica act as an adjunct during massage and physiotherapy. But they can also be independent pain medications.
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
Non-hormonal anti-inflammatory ointment differ in the main active ingredient. Available without a prescription. The most popular are the ointment Diclofenac and Nurofen, Voltaren emulgel, Ketonal cream. With the primary signs of sciatica, these tools allow you to quickly deal with pain.
NSAIDs are potent drugs, so they should be used only under the supervision of a neurologist.
Preparators have contraindications, they are individual for each agent, but in general they are not recommended for children under 12 years of age, pregnant and lactating women.
Treatment implies a short period of use, as habituation occurs quickly.
The next group of ointments from pinching the nerve in the lower back will help from inflammation provoked by stress and prolonged exposure to cold. Drugs are available without a prescription. Their main action is aimed at increasing blood circulation by stimulating nerve endings by increasing the temperature of the skin. After such an impact, the pain goes away. You can enhance the effect by smearing the affected area with ointment and putting a compress on top of it.
As effective drugs from sciatica proved: Finalgon, Efkamon, Viprosal V.
Warming ointments are contraindicated for pregnant women, children and people with skin diseases in the acute phase.
The drugs have a strong irritant effect, provoke a burning sensation and itching when getting on mucous membranes.
After applying these products, wash your hands thoroughly with soap and then wipe your hands with an alcohol-containing lotion.
Chondroprotectors allow to eliminate the cause of sciatic nerve impairment – degradation of the intervertebral disc. The drugs are aimed at improving the mobility of the vertebrae, restoring the affected cartilage, reducing pain syndrome.
When treating sciatica, it is recommended to use cream Sofia, Hondroksid, Teraflex M. The main active substances are always chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine.
The drugs can be used with other prescribed oral agents.
Assign reception chondroprotectors can only a neurologist on the testimony!
Combined exterior products
Combined drugs have a complex effect due to the combination of active ingredients of anti-inflammatory and analgesic nature. In addition, they have a thrombolytic effect, contribute to the regeneration of affected tissues and blood vessels, which accelerates the decompression of the nerve processes.
The most commonly used ointment Dolobene, Virapin, as well as Dimexide gel, the main active substance is dimethyl sulfoxide.
Combined ointment is contraindicated in children under 6 years of age, pregnant women, people with open lesions of the skin.
The action of homeopathic ointments is aimed at improving the metabolism, strengthening the immune system. German drugs will help in the fight against sciatica: Traumel C – anti-inflammatory ointment and Purpose T – chondroprotector.
The drugs can not be called medicinal, they are used as an addition to the general treatment, they allow to reduce the side effects of other drugs, as well as reduce the dose of excessively produced hormones.
Ointment with pinching of the nerve is aimed at getting rid of pain. A number of them provide restoration of damaged tissues, others have a decompression effect. Most of these drugs are available without a prescription, but uncontrolled use may aggravate the problem and cause complications. For the proper selection of medicines need accurate diagnosis. Only a doctor can do this.