Why can headache in the forehead and how to get rid of discomfort

Pain in the forehead

Discomfort and soreness in the forehead area arises from the defeat of various structures located directly in this or a nearby area of ​​the head. Inflammations are:

  1. Sinuses The frontals are above the eyebrows. The back walls separate them from the brain, the lower ones are the structural part of the sockets. Anatomically, the maxillary sinuses do not belong to the forehead, but they often cause pain in the forehead. Located on both sides of the nose, under the .
  2. Brain shells There are three of them. In the solid are the sinuses for venous blood outflow, in the soft – the smallest branches of the arteries. Between them is arachnoid.
  3. Frontal lobes of the brain. Associated with mental activity, the development of a program of behavior, planning, coordination of motivation.
  4. Vessels. Directly on this site are the supra-block vessels, as well as the supraorbital vein.
  5. Nerve processes. Frontal and supraorbital sensitive. The branches innervating the muscles of the forehead move away from the face.

The reasons

A number of factors – chronic diseases or temporary conditions, can have a negative impact on any of the structures of the frontal region.

Sinus inflammation

Colds, injuries provoke of the sinuses, frontal and maxillary. In the first case, frontal occurs, in the second – sinusitis. Pain in the forehead above the bridge of the nose occurs as a result of accumulation of mucus in them, which puts pressure on the shells, which are anatomically close to the eye area and the brain. The most intense character is in the morning, since while a person is sleeping, a large amount of pus accumulates in the sinuses. Discomfort goes away as it is removed.

It may be a local manifestation – this causes a headache in the forehead and eyes. Often she gives in whiskey, the back of the head, crown. Increases after bending and turning. If the inflammation appears on the right, the pain is concentrated from this side. It is described as bursting, squeezing. She is exhausting the patient.

Other symptoms include weakness, fever, and breathing problems. Sometimes the disease is accompanied by Slader syndrome, which is associated with inflammation of the ganglion and is characterized by severe pain in the orbital area.

At the front there is photophobia, pain in the eyes.

ARVI

Often, even before a runny nose, cough, fever, a forehead hurts. The baby becomes sluggish, capricious. Adults note their indisposition, inability to do something, there is a feeling that everything falls out of their hands. The main cause of discomfort is brain intoxication caused by pathogenic bacteria and viruses.

The pain is pulsating. Manifested as bursting, overflowing, mostly dull.

Other symptoms appear shortly after the onset of headaches. These are chills, swelling of the nasal mucosa, fever, anorexia, photophobia, muscle soreness.

Meningitis

Inflammation of the structures of the lining of the brain leads to an increase in the level of cerebrospinal fluid, edema and an increase in intracranial pressure. At the same time, the pain receptors located here are excited. Severe pain appears in the frontal part, spreads to other parts of the head, is arching.

In parallel, the temperature rises strongly, muscle stiffness, impaired or unconsciousness is noted, vomiting occurs. Often this disease affects children.

Read also … What to do if a child complains of a headache – heal at home or consult a doctor

Encephalitis

The disease is characterized by the formation of a large number of cerebrospinal fluid, disorders of its outflow, the influence of vital activity of pathogens. Pain provokes toxins secreted by pathogenic bacteria, pressure exerted by edema and expansion of the cavity in which liquor circulates.

Patients complain of constant pain in the head. It appears as shooting, ripple. Sometimes there is a feeling of drilling the skull. It happens stupid and sharp. At the same time there are bouts of dizziness.

Other symptoms include indisposition, high fever, increased salivation. The disease is often accompanied by a violation of the sensitivity of the facial nerve, muscle weakness, a large number of uncontrolled movements, and hallucinations.

Neuralgia

Due to inflammation, squeezing, pinching, eating disorders, neuralgia of the facial nerve occurs. It manifests as cutting, sharp pain. Has paroxysmal character, the duration of the episode is a few seconds. Attacks can follow one another during the week.

Accompanied by dilated pupils, increased perspiration, numbness.

Hypertension

The pressure increases due to narrowing, squeezing of the arteries, the formation of blood clots in them, atherosclerotic plaques, loss of elasticity of the walls. Accompanied by severe pains first in the neck, temples, crown. As they develop, they cover the forehead. They intensify in the afternoon, in hot weather, in a noisy environment. More often are bilateral.

The pains are constant, dull, pressing. Strengthened by bending, sharp movements.

Intracranial hypertension

Appears due to changes in the volume of cerebrospinal fluid, the formation of its stagnation, circulatory disorders. The greatest intensity differs in the morning, increases with coughing, movement, loud sounds, bright light. Often during pregnancy is a sign of late toxicosis.

Observed visual impairment, consciousness. The person is nauseous, dizzy.

Increased intracranial pressure is often found in a newborn baby. The main reasons for this are hypoxia in the intrauterine development, of the mother, birth trauma.

Cluster pains

Presumably, as a result of improper functioning of the hypothalamus or irritation of the nerve endings of the frontal zone, pain occurs over the orbit. Manifested by seizures. The duration of each – from ten to fifteen minutes to three hours. They can be repeated several times a day, not stop for weeks, months. Occur regardless of the time of day.

The pain is tearing in nature, as if tearing off the skin, applying red-hot objects to it. In parallel, lays the ears, nose, red eyes. The first episodes of episodes – one-sided, re-cover it all.

Migraine

A disorder in the regulation of vascular tone, narrowing of the capillaries leads to a decrease in the supply of oxygen-rich blood to the brain tissues. There is a sharp pain of a pulsating nature. It affects mainly one side. Additional symptoms include nausea, bouts of urge to vomit, irritability, fear of strong sounds and bright light.

Discomfort is aggravated after too much physical exertion, , ingestion of stimulating drinks, and alcohol.

Osteochondrosis

At the advanced stages of osteochondrosis, pain in the head captures not only the parietal, occipital zones, neck, but also the forehead. In the course of the development of the disease, the endings of the nerve fibers and vessels are squeezed. The reason – violations of the structure of intervertebral discs, salt deposits.

The pain is dull. At the beginning of the disease manifests itself intermittently. With the development is enduring. Increased due to stress, insomnia. Accompanied by muscle rigidity, a crunch in the neck.

Neoplasm

Tumors, cysts located in the frontal region, cause severe pain, sometimes leading to loss of consciousness. They appear as a result of compression of brain areas, the spread of malignant tumors, tissue necrosis, and nerve cell death.

Soreness increases in the morning, after a long horizontal position, when coughing. Never disappears at all, only weakens. Patients become apathetic, they are not interested in anything, not motivated. Sometimes they are very talkative, tend to talk jokes that no one understands.

Injuries

If the child has a headache in the frontal part without a fever, you can suspect a concussion. Additional symptoms are nausea, dilated pupils. Severe traumatic brain injuries are manifested by loss of consciousness. In some cases, the appearance of pain is delayed. Sometimes a person suffers from it for several years. It is caused by hematomas, edema, hemorrhages, metabolic products of pathogenic bacteria settling in the place of injury.

The pain is mostly localized in one area, but it can spread everywhere. Strengthens with sudden movements, coughing, tension. They characterize it as stupid, overflowing.

Pain in the forehead occurs due to poisoning, blood diseases, endocrine system, liquor puncture. Provokes their lack of exercise, unhealthy diet, stress, lack of sleep, physical fatigue.

Diagnostics

Just say why the head hurts in the forehead, only a specialist can. The definition of the cause is associated with an analysis of the nature of the pain and associated symptoms. Therapist or pediatrician will detect the signs of a cold after a general examination and a blood test. This doctor will also suspect inflammation of various forms of sinusitis. However, an exact diagnosis will be made only by an otolaryngologist on the basis of an x-ray, blood tests.

The diagnosis of most diseases that lead to pain in the head area is performed by a neuropathologist. To clarify the diagnosis, he prescribes the following studies:

  1. MRI The obtained images allow us to estimate the structure of the brain, the density of tissues, the presence of tumors, necrosis, hematomas, the amount of cerebrospinal fluid, the state of the vessels. Can be carried out for small children and pregnant women. Babies held under anesthesia.
  2. CT scan. As a result of the survey, a detailed picture of the presence of inflammation, tumors, and hemorrhages is obtained. Helps to see lesions of the sinuses, bones of the skull, and the lining of the brain.
  3. Angiography. It is a type of radiography with the introduction of a contrast agent.
  4. Ultrasound and Doppler of the brain and neck. It allows you to see organic lesions, identify violations of the shape, size of blood vessels, certain parts of the brain, determine the speed of blood flow.

Consultation with an ophthalmologist is required to confirm intracranial hypertension. Also, in order to determine this diagnosis, a puncture of the cerebrospinal fluid is performed.

Why can headache in the forehead and how to get rid of discomfort

Treatment

To treat a headache in the forehead with any one remedy is impossible. All appointments depend on the cause that caused it.  

When overworked, after a heavy emotional stress, it is useful to take a walk in the fresh air. Rare, one-time pain is relieved with analgesics (Paracetamol, Analgin), antispasmodics (No-Spa, Baralgin), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Ibuprofen). Under stress, a strong emotional experience is shown taking sedatives (valerian tincture).

To relieve symptoms at home are suitable folk remedies. So, from the cabbage leaf, which was released for a few minutes in boiling water, you can make a 30-minute compress on the forehead. The attached leaf of burdock, coltsfoot will help reduce the pain.

During colds make foot baths. Water temperature should be around 45 ° C. Baths with essential oils of geranium, mint and orange can be useful.

Chronic, gradually increasing pain requires a visit to the doctor. Uncontrolled use of drugs does not help, leading to complications.

Conclusion

Severe headache in the forehead develops due to various reasons. It causes colds, poisoning, , injuries. Pain sensations are characterized as dull, sharp, cutting. Sometimes, starting in the forehead, they spread throughout the head. Headaches can be removed with analgesics, antispasmodics, or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory tablets, but they cannot be abused. With constant, strong, often recurring pains, the doctor should prescribe the treatment.

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