Everyone knows a headache: it can occur against the background of overwork, lack of sleep, severe stress, heat stroke, cold and other external factors. If seizures occur rarely, they have an obvious reason, and the painful sensations disappear after resting or taking a weak anesthetic, you should not worry. An alarming symptom is frequent cephalgia, especially if the pain is intense, concentrated in a certain zone, and it cannot be stopped.
To date, more than three dozen probable causes of cephalgia have been identified. The most common ones are:
- head injuries;
- arterial hypertension;
- inflammatory processes in the brain, paranasal sinuses, ears;
- diseases of the eyes, teeth;
- neurological and cerebrovascular disorders;
- neoplasms of a different nature;
- osteochondrosis of the spinal column in the cervical region;
- viral infections.
If the origin of painful attacks is unknown, the nature, strength and location of the impulses will help to clarify it.
Pain on the right: we specify the localization
If the right side of the head hurts, you should listen to your own feelings more closely. Having clearly defined the painful area, you can independently find out the cause of cephalgia. In this case, it is impossible to postpone the visit to the doctor, especially if the attacks are intense, sudden, have a permanent character or recur more often 5 times a month.
In addition to such obvious reasons as a trauma or a hangover, a throbbing headache covering the forehead on the right can trigger migraines, cluster syndrome. With the pathology of the cerebral vessels of the frontal lobe, optic nerve neuralgia, the painful sensations take the form of sharp, sudden impulses.
If the pulsation is constant, and the pain is aching, you can assume an inflammation of the maxillary or frontal sinus (sinusitis, frontal sinusitis), and also the flu or other viral infection.
Back of the head
Soreness in the occipital region often occurs due to high blood pressure or injury. However, if it is localized exactly in the right part, inflammation of one of the paired nerves of the occiput, the right one, is most likely.
The same symptoms are observed in myogelosis, a specific disease of the nervous tissue, when it degenerates into connective tissue. Throbbing pain is a sign of migraine.
Soreness of the temporal region of the dull, dull character can be a symptom of overheating, stress, physical overstrain, hangover. In women, such cephalgia often appears on the background of menstruation or nutritional deficiencies (subject to strict diets).
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A throbbing pain in the temple of the right side of the head indicates a spasm of cerebral vessels, increased pressure. Acute pain impulses in this zone arise due to the inflammation of the trigeminal nerve, less pronounced – with depressive neurosis and other neurotic disorders.
The most likely causes of pain in the right parotid region are as follows:
- Otitis – an inflammation of the ear, starting with “lumbago” in it. Gradually, the pain spreads to the entire half of the head, pus appears in the auricle, the temperature rises.
- Lymphadenitis is an inflammation of the parotid lymph nodes. Accompanied by dull pain, which disappears when you press on the enlarged lymph node.
- Epidemic parotitis (also known as mumps) is an inflammatory process in the salivary glands. Painful sensations are thrusting, aggravated by movement or conversation.
Pain near the ear, especially from behind, may be caused by inflammation of one of the branches of the trigeminal nerve, the paranasal sinuses, or dental diseases. This symptom is characteristic of caries, pulpitis, sinusitis.
Cephalgia, localized from above, in the parietal zone of the head is a probable sign of migraine or dangerous infectious processes in the brain (meningitis, encephalitis). More precisely, the cause can be determined by the presence of additional symptoms: nausea and fear of light are characteristic of migraine attacks, brain inflammations are accompanied by fever, sound and photophobia, and specific syndromes.
If it is the upper zone of the head that hurts, but there are no other obvious pathological signs, it can be assumed that blood pressure fluctuates. Cephalgia accompanies both its increase and decrease. Sudden acute attacks are characteristic of hemorrhagic stroke. At the same time, they are combined with a lack of coordination, stupefaction and loss of consciousness.
Headache in the right side of the head, an exciting eyeball, occurs for various reasons. The most likely are:
- Glaucoma. Painful sensations have tingling character, accompanied by visual impairment.
- Vascular spasm or aneurysm of the ophthalmic artery. The pain is throbbing, intense.
- Intracranial hematoma or tumor. Cephalgia in this case is similar to that observed in migraine.
Among the relatively innocent causes can be identified general fatigue or overstrain of view. Such an attack quickly passes after a rest.
The pain that occurs in the right side of the head and captures the corresponding area of the neck, in most cases, indicates pathology of the spine. In case of injury of the cervical spine pain impulses occur during movement.
If the cause of cephalgia is osteochondrosis, dull, moderate pain is present all the time, and when turning or tilting the head, it increases. Cerebrovascular disorders (hypertension, atherosclerosis) are accompanied by periodic attacks. Neuralgia is characterized by acute pain impulses.
Concomitant symptoms help to more accurately identify the cause of the headache on the right. They must also be communicated to the doctor upon request for the initial diagnosis. Headache treatment should also be carried out by a specialist, because cephalalgia is often a symptom of serious diseases.
At risk are, above all, the fair sex at the age of 20 to 40 years. If a woman has a headache that pulsates and gradually gets worse, you can assume a migraine attack.
Accompanying signs of this pathology are reduced visual acuity, photophobia, intolerance to loud sounds, nausea (sometimes vomiting). As a rule, a few hours before the attack appear weakness, depression.
Unlike migraine, this disease occurs predominantly in men, most often in smokers or alcohol abusers. The pain occurs abruptly, can be affected as the left and right sides, top or frontal part of the head. Pain impulse gives to the eye or temple, accompanied by lacrimation, nasal congestion, increased blood pressure, hemorrhage in the eye.
The so-called lesion of the nervous and bone tissue of the temporomandibular joint. The pain covers the right side of the head, face, temporal region, less often – the neck.
Additional signs of this disease are restriction of movement of the lower jaw, hypersalivation, herpetic eruptions in the mouth, on the ears, and dizziness.
Hemorrhagic stroke, aneurysm rupture or severe cranial trauma are accompanied by hemorrhage. In addition to sudden intense pain, there are:
- increased blood pressure;
- nausea, vomiting;
- disorders of coordination, speech, thinking;
- disturbance of consciousness;
Cephalgia on the background of these symptoms requires the immediate transportation of the sick person to a medical facility.
Closed head injury is accompanied by pain of varying degrees of intensity, weakness, dizziness, and tinnitus. If a person is fainted, it is possible to assume a head injury due to the presence of bruising or abrasions on the head. Conscious patient, as a rule, very sick, often vomiting.
Neoplasms, benign and malignant, always clearly localized, which is why the right side of the head hurts or the left side hurts. A distinctive feature of cephalgia with brain tumors is a constant, ongoing character.
With the growth of education, the pain increases, it can not be stopped even with potent analgesics. The patient usually does not want to eat, he is irritable, often experiencing bouts of nausea, disturbance of consciousness, dizziness. Seizures, epileptic seizures, and syncope may also occur.