Laryngeal neurosis: symptoms, diagnosis and methods of treatment
- 1 Throat neurosis
- 2 The reasons
- 3 Symptoms
- 4 Diagnostics
- 5 Treatment
- 6 Prevention
- 7 Complications
A characteristic feature of the neurosis of the pharynx is the appearance of unusual sensations in the throat. These include a complete loss of sensitivity, the appearance of a sensation of coma, a foreign object. The disorder affects mainly women after 20 years.
The combination of the causes and signs of the manifestation of the disorder allows you to select several of its types.
Anesthesia-type disorder is accompanied by the absence of any sensation when swallowing. This pharyngeal neurosis occurs due to neoplasms in the brain, sclerosis, influenza, syphilis, paralysis.
Hypoesthesia is close to anesthesia symptomatology. However, it is temporary and passes itself as soon as the cause of the violation is eliminated. Cause her viral illness.
When hyperesthesia man is difficult to swallow, talk. This disorder is characterized by hypertrophic sensitivity. Hyperesthesia appears after suffering tonsillitis and pharyngitis. It is characteristic for smokers, people working in conditions of harmful production, neurotics.
Pathology is accompanied by itching, burning inside the throat. It seems that a com or foreign object appeared in it. Swallowing causes headaches. Throat paresthesia provoke sleep disturbances, anxiety. Appears mainly among people suspicious, prone to irritability, hysteria, overly listening to their health.
Suffering from this form of neurosis complains of persistent sore throat. The condition worsens during hyperalgesia during meals.
Throat neurosis triggers the causes of a mental nature. First of all, this is a tendency to hysterics, concealed or unconscious aggression, a feeling of fear, increased anxiety, stress. Have a negative impact of prolonged stress, fatigue, emotional burnout, exhaustion.
An important role in the origin of pathology is played by various diseases:
- Thyrotoxicosis. The disease is associated with increased production of thyroid hormones.
- Cervical osteochondrosis. Intervertebral hernia, destruction of the disks leads to pinching of the nerves. As a result, the transmission of nerve impulses is disrupted, discomfort in the throat appears.
- Chronic inflammatory diseases. Laryngitis leads to thickening of the ligaments. Pharyngitis affects the throat, tonsillitis – tonsils.
- Tumors. New growths in the area of the nasopharynx put pressure on the organs located in close proximity to their location. Brain tumors squeeze the ways in which nerve impulses pass into the centers that regulate the functioning of the organs of speech, and vice versa.
- Myotonia. Pathology is hereditary. Manifested in the inability of the muscles to relax. Violation of the process of swallowing, movement of the tongue. Symptoms worse in the cold.
- Myasthenia. The disease is associated with a decrease in the strength of muscle tissue, including the muscles of the neck. Fatigue quickly arises, discomfort appears after the conversation.
- Diseases of the digestive tract.
Discomfort in the throat, lump sensations occur when poisoning, adverse environmental conditions, smoking, after the use of certain drugs.
The leading symptoms of neurosis of the pharynx is a feeling of dryness, burning, itching in the throat. These include dryness, burning, itching, hoarse voice. To get rid of discomfort, a person is constantly trying to cough, which causes irritability and anxiety.
Another typical manifestation is the feeling as if a lump stuck in the throat. His presence leads to a decrease in appetite, deterioration of mood.
The feeling of choking, irritability, tachycardia, sweating, and appetite disorders testify to the neurosis. The patient complains of headaches, insomnia.
A separate group includes irritability, impatience, suspiciousness, and frequent mood swings. Often, patients are aggressively looking for anatomical changes in the neck and nipples.
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To determine the neurosis of the larynx is extremely difficult. To make an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary to undergo a thorough examination. It includes:
- Blood test. General, biochemistry is assigned, hormonal status is investigated.
- Ultrasound. An ultrasound examination of the thyroid gland, cervical spine, brain vessels and neck. In the latter case, doppler sonography is used.
- X-ray. The study focuses on the respiratory tract, larynx, skull.
- MRI of larynx
Consultations of an otolaryngologist, an endocrinologist, a neurologist are held to establish an accurate diagnosis. A visit to a psychiatrist is recommended.
Finding the true cause of neurosis of the pharynx is not always possible, but in most cases you can identify several factors that led to the disorder. In a person who started treatment on time, the symptoms of neurosis of the pharynx will disappear quickly and painlessly.
Therapy includes medicinal, folk remedies, methods of psychotherapy, physiotherapy. If the disorder is caused by tumor growth, surgery is performed.
Neurosis therapy is carried out with the help of sedative, nootropic drugs, antidepressants. Persen has a sedative effect, motherwort tincture, means with hunters. Reduce depression allow Melipramin, Fluval. Nootropics stimulate the brain, reduce the appearance of depression. The drugs of this group include Piracetam, Phenibut, Pantogam. To remove the hysterical manifestations, too much excitement will help antipsychotics, for example, Aminazin.
If the pathology is caused by infectious diseases, drug therapy is directed against them. Vitamin complexes are prescribed for patients.
Psychotherapeutic methods will help to ease the manifestations of anxiety, depression, anxiety, and cope with psychological trauma. Depending on the person’s characteristics, hypnosis, familial, cognitive-behavioral, neuro-linguistic, art therapy is applied.
Used acupuncture, electrophoresis. In severe cases, novocaine blockades are recommended. In order for the patient to relax and calm down, massage is performed.
Relax the feeling of a coma in the throat, tea from mint will help calm down. Fresh leaves can be added to the already prepared drink or prepare a decoction of dry raw materials. To prepare the last one tablespoon of a leaf is boiled in 200 ml of water for a quarter of an hour.
To reduce the signs of neurasthenia can brew one teaspoon of crushed willow bark in boiling water. After the infusion has cooled, it must be filtered and drink one tablespoon.
To cope with neurological disorders allow compresses of horseradish leaves. They are rubbed and applied to the temples every day. Another recipe for neurosis is the application of garlic oil on the forehead and temples, diluted in alcohol in the ratio of one tablespoon to half a liter of alcohol solution.
To avoid the reappearance of pharyngeal neurosis, exacerbation and progression of pathology, it is possible to observe some preventive measures. Any viral and bacteriological disease must be treated promptly. It is recommended to walk more often, engage in physical activity, try not to overwork. Even after a single case of neurosis, the pharynx is advised to quit smoking and not to drink alcohol.
When living in unfavorable environmental conditions, you should use filters at home, and walking more when the level of pollution is at a minimum.
Important is the ability to cope with stress, more calmly respond to situations of emotional stress, causing anxiety.
Despite the fact that, in general, neurosis of the pharynx is not such a severe disorder, some of its forms lead to dangerous consequences. So, during anesthesia, there is a high probability of choking on saliva, pieces of food. This leads to asphyxiation.
Important is a forced decrease in the socialization of the patient, a decrease in working capacity.
Throat neurosis, caused by psychological trauma, stress, tension, responds well to treatment. However, the disorder is unpleasant and in some cases can seriously frighten a person. Disorders resulting from organic lesions require immediate treatment in order to avoid serious consequences.