One of the “side effects” of longevity is dementia. And also at risk associated with a decrease in cognitive functions, there are people of young and middle age. Therefore, physicians all over the world have for a long time been fighting not only for the extension of human life, but also for its quality.
What it is?
The sonorous diagnosis of “dementia” (Latin dementia – insanity) hides the depressing signs of dementia. Among senile disorders, senile (senile) dementia is the most common. Aging of the brain directly depends on the genetic predisposition, somatic diseases and lifestyle in general.
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Who is at risk?
Unfortunately, the loss of mental activity is not only the prerogative of old age. Dementia is a symptom associated with a number of pathological conditions:
- Suffering from cardiovascular diseases, hypertension, Alzheimer’s disease, diabetes, endocrine disruption, obesity.
- Older people leading low-active physical and social lifestyles.
- Smokers, alcoholics and drug addicts “with experience” for more than 15 years.
- Cranial trauma and infectious diseases affecting the nervous system (encephalitis, HIV, syphilis, etc.) can also be the cause of senile dementia.
- Uncontrolled intake of painkillers, sleeping pills and antidepressants against the background of chronic neurosis suppresses the nervous system.
Dementia is not a sign of old age. Not congenital, but acquired pathology. Therefore, the first step is to eliminate or minimize the causes of the disease.
To prevent, and even stop the extinction of the mind, preventive measures can be taken in time.
Prevention of dementia in old age
Despite the fact that dementia is incurable, it is prevention of senile dementia that helps to avoid the fatal consequences associated with organic brain disorders. And according to experts, to take care of their mental health should be already 35-40 years old.
Control of cholesterol and blood pressure
After Alzheimer’s disease, the incidence of vascular dementia is second. Increases and jumps in blood pressure affect the elasticity of the walls of blood vessels, which, in turn, impairs the blood supply to the brain. This threatens to develop hypertension, stroke, atherosclerosis, and cardiovascular diseases.
If the tonometer indicators exceed the level of more than 140/90 mm Hg, you should contact a specialist.
If dementia is diagnosed in the family history, control of blood pressure should be given special attention at a young age.
Increased blood cholesterol also affects brain activity. “Bad” cholesterol forms vascular plaques on the walls of blood vessels, thereby deforming the inner walls of the blood channels. Therefore, nerve cells do not receive enough oxygen and trace elements.
Regular testing will help control the content of dangerous cholesterol, normalize lipid metabolism in the human body.
Blood sugar control
High blood glucose levels (sugar levels) can lead to metabolic disorders and diabetes mellitus. Preventing senile dementia is directly related to prophylactic ways of keeping sugar at an optimal level.
People over 40 need to donate blood for sugar at least three times a year. A balanced diet that excludes large amounts of carbohydrates is recommended. In the case of diabetes mellitus, regular intake of drugs for lowering sugar (strictly prescribed by a doctor!), Timely introduction of insulin is important.
Body weight control
Overweight is the trigger of a number of diseases. Among them are atherosclerosis, diabetes, cholecystitis, myocardial infarction, etc., which are directly associated with dementia. Therefore, it is very important, especially in old age, to monitor your weight, to adhere to normal body weight.
Rational nutrition will help to avoid obesity. According to statistics, coastal residents rarely suffer from impaired brain activity. This is due to the large amount of seafood, olive oil, vegetables and fruits that they eat. Antioxidants and omega-acids contained in them, improve metabolism, slow down the aging process.
Eastern cuisine offers the use of cereals, seasonings and very useful green tea, which has practically no contraindications.
The harm of fast food products is proven everywhere. Therefore, a complete rejection of this type of food – a huge step towards your own recovery!
Avoiding dementia in old age will help a physically active life from his youth. Regular exercise stimulates blood circulation, thereby training the heart muscles and blood vessels. Physical education classes are able to preserve the skills that people need in their daily lives.
At an advanced age, it is advisable to include walks in the fresh air in any weather in daytime mode. Swimming and walking are very useful (the pace should be adjusted depending on the state of health). Feasible work on the plot, as well as dancing, will not only strengthen the body, but also bring a lot of positive emotions.
Prevention of dementia is moderate but regular physical activity.
More than 20 years of research by scientists about the impact of intellectual development on the onset of dementia suggests that people who are actively engaged in mental activity suffer from dementia almost 50% less.
Reading books, solving crossword puzzles will help avoid senile dementia. And memorizing poems, proverbs and sayings perfectly trains attentiveness and memory. The development of information technology has opened another great opportunity for mental activity. Studying a computer helps not only to receive, but also to exchange information, to communicate with other people.
Wonderful prevention of dementia is the interaction with family and friends. New acquaintances and “personal life” as the air is necessary for older people. Therefore, visiting interest clubs, walks in parks, communication in the “world wide web” will fill the life of “old people” with positive emotions.
Prevention measures for middle age dementia
As a rule, the loss of cognitive abilities in people 25-55 years of age is due to traumatic brain injury, smoking, alcohol and drug abuse. Therefore, the prevention of dementia in young and middle age is a categorical rejection of bad habits. The help of specialists (narcologists and neuropathologists) will help to overcome the psychological discomfort, socially adapt the patient in the new reality.
“A man keeps his mind as long as he wants it!” If you think about the statement of the ancient Greek philosopher, then in most cases it is true. And the proverbial wisdom: “Prevented, then it’s armed!” Will help the reader to reduce the risks of neurodegenerative brain disorders.