What is respiratory neurosis and what is the danger of psychogenic dyspnea
- 1 What you need to know about this deviation – respiratory neurosis
- 2 Causes of respiratory neurosis in humans
- 3 Symptoms of respiratory neurosis
- 4 Children’s respiratory neurosis
- 5 Diagnosis: “respiratory neurosis”
- 6 Treatment methods
What you need to know about this deviation – respiratory neurosis
Breathing disorder (respiratory neurosis) is a state of mental disorder of a person when he has a serious disturbance of the breathing rhythms. This disease can be caused by a variety of circumstances of human life, even the presence of pathology that is not associated with the respiratory system.
Panic shortness of breath may well be a symptom of mental disorder, but it may also be an independent diagnosis. Doctors use the following diagnoses for this term: hyperventilation syndrome or dysfunctional breathing.
Doctors conducted research and found that this disease is observed in most patients who suffer from failures in the nervous system. They have always manifested such a symptom – respiratory failure. He is hampered by various factors. The breakdown of the work of breathing will necessarily impair the functioning of the entire nervous system, the reason for this is panic and asphyxiation.
Respiratory function is associated with brain activity. A failure of breathing and the occurrence of suffocation leads to the failure of the entire functional of the brain, further aggravating shortness of breath and increasing the degree of fear.
In neurotics, the lungs at the moment of attack begin to process more air, trying to fill the brain with the necessary oxygen. And it forms more oxygen in the bloodstream of people than it needs. This reduces the percentage of carbon dioxide (CO2). Low rate of seemingly unnecessary CO2 in the bloodstream will lead to hypocapnia. And hypocapnia is the main cause of exacerbation of respiratory neurosis.
Causes of respiratory neurosis in humans
In the mechanism of psychogenic dyspnea, important roles are distributed between psychology and neurology. In some special cases, psychological diseases result from neurological ailments or vice versa.
Psychosomatic disorders can also lead to respiratory neurosis. Usually, psychosomatics occurs after exposure to prolonged stress, severe emotional states, and, in particular, can occur due to psychological trauma.
There is another underwater stone in case of the onset of dyspnea on nerves – the brain itself. The human brain somehow remembers the circumstances under which the respiratory neurosis first appeared, in the future it projects a similar emotional state under similar conditions.
The most possible causes of respiratory rhythm failure:
- psychological or neurological diseases;
- unstable state of mind and emotional background;
- congenital psyche pathology;
- prolonged stress;
- disruption of the human nervous system;
- diseases of some respiratory organs;
- exposure to harmful, toxic substances;
- drug overdose;
- innate sensitivity to the percentage of carbon dioxide in the bloodstream.
Symptoms of respiratory neurosis
Deviations that relate to respiratory failure, even just on nerve soil, lead to a convulsive lack of air, and this is a characteristic sign of ill-fated respiratory neurosis. At the time of manifestation of a nervous attack, the symptoms are standard.
A person loses the ability to breathe evenly, each breath will be convulsive and short, and the patient’s breathing rate becomes increasing. As a result, the patient breathes too superficially, very often, with minimal pauses for exhalation. This leads to a panic attack, when people experience an unexpected, uncontrollable level of fear of their own death.
Respiratory neurosis can be: acute and chronic. Consider these types in more detail:
- Acute respiratory neurosis – people lose control over the speed of breathing, panic begins, loss of consciousness is possible.
- Chronic respiratory neurosis – all symptoms are blurred, characterized by nervous dyspnea in moments of stressful situations in life. With the development of the disease, the symptoms are exacerbated.
The presence of respiratory neurosis can manifest itself with a variety of symptoms:
- gastroenterological signs (there are unpleasant disorders of the digestive system, there is increased flatulence in the intestines, constipation or, conversely, diarrhea, and even stomach pain);
- cardiac (tachycardia, acute pain in the area of the scapula);
- muscle (there is weakness in the muscles, tremor);
- neurological (attacks of breathlessness, dizziness, fainting, numbness of the fingers);
- psycho-emotional (emotional anxiety, insomnia, irritability);
- respiratory (cough, shortness of breath, frequent yawning, or a lump in the throat).
The respiratory neurosis increases over time, the number of signs also increases, and the disease becomes more acute. If the choking began on nerve soil and manifested itself, it will definitely come back again. The main thing in the fight against the terrible disease: timely diagnosis and qualified medical treatment.
Children’s respiratory neurosis
Children of very different ages sometimes also diagnose acute respiratory neurosis, and this requires careful examination. This can be a symptom of various mental illnesses and disorders of the entire nervous system of the child.
Children’s respiratory neurosis is a consequence of stress and mental trauma. With the exacerbation of child neurosis, there may be abrupt and frequent changes in his mood, accompanied by prolonged tantrums.
A striking symptom is the abrupt and contradictory to the whole environment change in the usual way of life of the child. This may be, for example, a break in relations with best friends or friends. Such a state can be expressed in the destruction of favorite toys that have been carefully kept until this moment.
The child does not sleep well, suffers from excruciating insomnia. There are frequent bouts of convulsive breathing and suffocation, lack of air. All this leads to even greater nervousness.
Diagnosis: “respiratory neurosis”
Identifying a disease like the respiratory neurosis is incredibly difficult. If you experience problems with breathing on the basis of nerves, they are often confused with signs of many other serious diseases:
- hyperventilation syndrome;
- cardiovascular diseases;
- gastroenterological diseases.
To make the correct diagnosis for respiratory neurosis, physicians have to act blindly, by excluding other diseases. Capnography helps to diagnose pathology. This test measures the level of CO2 at the time of an artificially induced attack of rapid breathing.
Another thing that helps to establish an accurate diagnosis is a conversation with a doctor, where the patient answers honestly even to not very pleasant questions. The patient should tell in more detail about the nature of the complaints, how pronounced the symptoms and the frequency of recurrence of attacks.
Dutch pulmonologists have created a special test, which consists of 16 questions relating to hyperventilation. The patient, answering questions, assesses the degree and intensity of each statement in relation to itself. This allows the doctor to correctly diagnose and determine the severity of the disease.
You can not try to treat the respiratory neurosis on its own, especially at home. This disease is very complex and dangerous, so knowledge of a qualified specialist is needed here. Refusal from timely medical care can increase a person’s breathing disorder and aggravate the symptoms of the neurosis itself.
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A treatment plan is developed individually for each patient. It is always based on periodic psychotherapy sessions. Also, the doctor prescribes a special breathing exercises in order to reduce the depth of human breaths and, thereby, increase the CO2 content in his blood.
Respiratory gymnastics can reduce the terrible attacks and their intensity. Be sure to adhere to a clear patient day regimen, a balanced menu, physical training. It is necessary to give up smoking and alcohol.
Since the degree and severity of respiratory neurosis can be different, the doctor often prescribes medication:
- Natural sedatives (based on herbs).
- Antidepressants to reduce anxiety.
- Tranquilizers in severe cases of psychosis.
- Neuroleptic drugs.
- Vitamins based on calcium and magnesium.
- Vitamins B.
But, one way or another, only the attending physician can issue prescriptions after diagnosing the disease. An independent diagnosis and an attempt at self-healing of a neurosis will lead to sad consequences.
There is a small tip: if the attack started suddenly, doctors advise you to breathe in a regular breath adjustment package to block the development of an attack of asphyxiation and a panic attack. This simple way can help control your condition in a short period of time, but it is not a method of therapy.