During childbirth, pain of any nature is difficult to tolerate. Especially unpleasant headache during pregnancy. The painful process is complicated by the inability to use the usual analgesic drugs. The selection of medicines is carried out by a doctor, based on the picture of the manifestation of spasms.
Causes of pain attacks
Headaches during pregnancy signal a painful process occurring in the body. They cannot be ignored. Repeated prolonged spasms may be primary and secondary. Primary – pain, indicating the defeat of a particular organ. This group includes migraine, cluster and pain stress.
Interesting! The nerve fibers of the brain lack pain receptors.
Secondary pains in the head indicate the presence of brain diseases, hypertension, and infectious diseases. They indicate problems with the teeth, spinal column, neck. During gestation, primary headaches are most often diagnosed as migraine.
Migraine is manifested by recurrent antispasmodic attacks in the same part of the head. Pulses and builds up when moving. Accompanied by a deterioration of appetite, sleep disturbance, deterioration of the emotional background. Among the clinical signs, emit vomiting, nausea, weakness. Migraine leads to a rapid expansion of the vascular walls, which disrupts blood circulation, exacerbating the thresholds of pain susceptibility.
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The painful condition can occur at any stage of the childbearing, but most often there is a headache during pregnancy in the earliest terms and in the last weeks. The reasons for the development of this disorder are.
- Hormonal adjustment. Increased synthesis of progesterone and estrogen provokes vascular spasm. This leads to a lack of oxygen and the development of migraine.
- Changing lifestyle and daily routine causes emotional stress, insomnia, which lead to spasms of brain vessels.
- Loss of fluid and hypoglycemia due to stress on the woman’s circulatory system.
- Reduced blood pressure, manifested in the first months after conception. The pain occurs along with dizziness, fatigue.
- Digestive disorders in the first weeks of pregnancy, malnutrition. Rare food intake and long breaks between them lead to a decrease in glucose concentration.
Repeated prolonged migraines can cause foods such as bananas, cheese, avocados, liver, chocolate. The tonus of blood vessels is reduced by eating fried, salted, smoked. Such dishes increase the concentration of cholesterol, causing oxygen deficiency and cramps. Canned products and sausages disrupt the blood supply to the brain.
Intense headaches in the 3rd trimester indicate an increased load on the spinal column, spinal deformities and poor posture.
In addition, from the 20th week of pregnancy, toxicosis or preeclampsia develops, which are accompanied by a sharp increase in blood pressure. This process is physiological in nature and is explained by an increase in the volume of circulating blood. Pathological factors for increasing blood pressure include kidney disease, rapid weight gain, preeclampsia, and increased physical activity.
If a woman experiences a long time of excruciating pain, which is accompanied by deterioration of vision, hearing, decreased sensitivity of the legs and vomiting, an ambulance should be called immediately. Such manifestations may indicate hemorrhage and brain tumors, thrombosis, preeclampsia. To save the life of a woman and a baby, it is necessary to resort to emergency delivery.
Drug-free pain relief
Before taking a headache pill during pregnancy, you need to try to understand why it originated. Sometimes it is enough to eliminate the irritating factor, and the attack will disappear. Such factors include loud sounds, bright light, unhealthy atmosphere in the family, stressful situations. Being close to the smoker, inhalation of cigarette smoke leads to pain in the head. Expectant mothers should avoid stuffy rooms with stale air.
In various communities in the forums, mothers write reviews that women used to be effectively treated with traditional medicine recipes. Nontraditional methods are capable of relieving a painful attack without harming the fetus.
Future mothers often experience discomfort in the cervical region when the vessels are clamped and the blood circulation is disturbed. A neck massage will help relax, improve blood flow to the brain. It is recommended to massage the entire head and neck for 10 minutes.
With increasing pain in the head, you need to take a warm shower. Water normalizes the condition, eliminating the painful syndrome. The shower has a relaxing effect, dilates blood vessels. Such a procedure is particularly useful in hypertension, emotional overstrain. It is forbidden to take a contrast shower during pregnancy, as sharp fluctuations of the vascular walls lead to serious complications.
As an emergency method of normalization of well-being, you can wash your face with cold water. To enhance the therapeutic effect, it is recommended to apply a wet tissue with ice on the frontal and temporal region.
You can eliminate the painful syndrome with the help of cold compresses, which need to be applied on the back of the head and forehead 2 times a day. To enhance the therapeutic effect, it is recommended to saturate the material used with vinegar. Instead of the compress, you can apply the asterisk balm on the temples and forehead.
In the people there is a perception that cabbage leaves relieve seizures. To do this, cabbage must be squeezed before the juice appears and lay one leaf on the forehead.
Expectant mothers should use fragrant oils with caution, since many of them are prohibited during pregnancy. Aromakurenie – the safest application option, you can add essential oil in the bath. When painful headaches, it is recommended to rub the raw material in the temples. To do this, mix 1 drop of the component with 50 ml of any vegetable oil.
During bouts of occipital pains, massage using spikelet oil and lavender is effective. You can make a cold compress by adding a few drops of the solution to the fabric.
While waiting for the baby, the use of peppermint oil, basil, rosemary, chamomile, juniper, sage, fennel, jasmine is contraindicated for women.
Before treatment with aroma oils it is required to determine blood pressure indicators. At lower values, verbena and citrus oil helps; at elevated levels, ylang-ylang, lavender, lemon oil is suitable.
If the painful syndrome does not pass and is permanent, you need to resort to the use of drugs. But many drugs are prohibited during gestation. Therefore, if you have a headache during pregnancy, which can be taken from pain in the early stages – the doctor decides. The choice of medication depends on the duration of pregnancy.
At the initial stage of gestation, any pharmacological product is dangerous for the embryo. During this period, organs and systems begin to form in the fetus, therefore it is impossible to interfere with the formation processes.
To relieve an attack of pain you need to refer to safe methods. A woman should rest more, find time for daytime sleep and walking before bedtime. These actions restore the lack of oxygen, normalize blood circulation.
It is allowed to drink tea based on natural herbs: linden, raspberry, chamomile. To improve the therapeutic effect you need to eat a small piece of dark chocolate, which contributes to an increase in pressure.
To improve the emotional state, you can sign up for yoga for pregnant women, go swimming in the pool. Light physical activity saturates the blood with oxygen, normalizing blood circulation.
By this period, many organs and systems are already formed, so women are allowed to take some analgesic drugs. Doctors are not allowed to choose their own medicines, some mothers do not understand why. This is because only a gynecologist is able to assess the nature of the manifested pain and decide on the need for the use of analgesics.
Starting from the 2nd trimester, headaches in pregnant women can be treated with the help of such painkillers:
- Paracetamol. Components included in the composition, do not have a negative impact on the fetus, subject to the recommended dosage. The daily dose should not exceed 3 tablets. The therapeutic course is no more than 3 days.
- Ibuprofen It has anti-inflammatory and analgesic activity. May be taken before the 30th week of pregnancy, since the use of the drug in later periods can affect the lungs and heart of the baby.
- No shpa. Safe antispasmodic medication, eliminating severe pain in the head, normalizing blood pressure. Daily dosage of tablets – 6 pieces. Approved for use at any time.
- Analgin. A powerful analgesic drug, the uncontrolled reception of which provokes congenital anomalies in the child, delayed psychophysical development. The tablet can be drunk as a one-time help.
- Citramon Contains caffeine. Eliminates pain caused by lowering pressure. It is forbidden to exceed the prescribed daily dosage – half a tablet twice a day.
Any medicinal product taken without the knowledge of the doctor can harm the child.
The last months of pregnancy – a difficult period when the female body begins to gradually prepare for the process of delivery. The physician must select medications in order not to provoke premature labor.
At this stage, it is accepted to be treated with Solpadein Forte, which fights with pains of various localization, normalizes the condition in case of fever, neuralgic phenomena. Because the remedy leads to respiratory dysfunction, only 1 pill can be taken.
Headache during pregnancy is resolved with the help of Panadol. The drug has antipyretic and analgesic effect. Does not adversely affect the fetus. The daily dosage is 4 tablets.
Read also … How to get rid of a headache during breastfeeding and at the same time do not harm the child
Prohibited drugs during pregnancy
Even with excruciating pain in the head, expectant mothers are forbidden to use Aspirin, Tryptan, Depakot, Ergotamine. Such means contribute to the improper formation of the neural tube of the fetus, are the cause of congenital developmental anomalies, thin the blood, causing miscarriage.
A healthy lifestyle, a balanced diet, the avoidance of stressful situations are the basic tenets that prevent the development of pain in the head during pregnancy.
There are a number of rules, following which a painful attack can be avoided:
- give more time to rest, relaxation, relaxation;
- walk in the open air at least 2 times a day;
- air the room;
- avoid noise.
If you experience recurring headaches while carrying a child, you should consult with your doctor. The gynecologist will determine the cause of the ailment and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Independent use of pharmacological drugs during pregnancy is prohibited. This can lead to serious complications.