Ronhopathy is the so-called symptom in which there is a violation of the passage of air through the upper respiratory tract, accompanied by an unpleasant, low-frequency sound. Such sounds often occur on the inhale, but sometimes snoring occurs on the exhale. The effects of snoring are not at all harmless: patients may experience respiratory arrest during sleep, heart rhythm disturbances, and other health problems. In order to understand the danger of snoring, you should know the mechanism of its formation and the causes.
The mechanism of occurrence and causes of snoring
When a person is immersed in sleep, all his muscles relax, including the muscles of the upper respiratory tract. This occurs when excessive reduction of tone, sagging of the muscles of the tongue, soft palate, tissues of the pharynx, nasopharynx, or during pathological obstruction of the upper respiratory system.
Due to sagging of soft tissues, narrowing of the airways, the passing air begins to vibrate – a sound effect is formed during snoring. When a soft palate, tongue or tongue completely covers the breathing tube, the patient, instead of breathing in, holds the breath – an apnea episode occurs, this is an extremely dangerous complication of snoring for health.
The causes and pathologies for which the patient has difficulty breathing in his sleep due to chronic snoring are as follows:
- Increased uvula uvula (often observed with excess weight).
- Anatomical features: abnormal development of the mandible (micrognathia), the wrong location of the hyoid bone.
- The growth of lymphoid tissue in the throat and nose: adenoids, tonsil hypertrophy, lymphoproliferative diseases.
- Tumors and cysts in the pharynx, soft tissues of the palate.
- Chronic and infectious inflammatory lesions of the respiratory tract: rhinitis, tracheitis, bronchitis.
- Difficulty in nasal breathing due to the curvature or deformation of the nasal septum.
- Hypertrophy of the tongue (often with acromegaly).
- The central mechanisms of dysregulation of respiration due to brain damage of inflammatory, infectious, drug-induced.
Predisposing factors that can provoke snoring are: age over 50 years, alcohol abuse, taking tranquilizers, burdened heredity, the onset of menopause.
To the question “is snoring dangerous?” Any health worker will give an affirmative answer, the harm of snoring has long been proven and scientifically grounded.
Sleep apnea syndrome
Snoring and apnea is a serious problem. During sleep, the patient comes to stop breathing, which can last up to 10 seconds. Sometimes holding your breath during sleep can be fatal. But more often, with the development of apnea and the onset of hypoxia, the body enters a stage of more superficial sleep, reflexively the tone of the muscles of the mouth, the pharynx increases, the airway patency is restored.
Such episodes of apnea can be repeated many times throughout the night, they disturb sleep, change the duration of its phases, patients repeatedly wake up, during the day they are followed by drowsiness, apathy.
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You can suspect in yourself or a loved one, snoring at night, sleep apnea syndrome by the following clinical signs:
- Fatigue, weakness in the morning, lack of vigor, energy after waking up.
- Drowsiness during the day.
- Morning headaches, recurrent pain in the neck, neck, disturbing during the day.
- Decreased memory, irritability.
These are indirect symptoms, in the presence of which in conjunction with snoring should consult a doctor.
The characteristics of snoring in apnea syndrome are periodicity, as well as the onset after periods of loud, intense sounding of silent pauses. It is during these pauses that breathing stops.
Complications of the cardiovascular system
In many patients, respiratory distress during snoring is accompanied by rhythm disturbances: sinus arrhythmia, bradycardia can occur with a decrease in heart rate of up to 30-40 beats per minute, heart block.
Rhythm disorders are more common in older people with apnea. Against the background of this pathology, there are frequent cases of heart attacks, strokes, sudden cardiac death.
Snoring with frequent elements of respiratory arrest and hypoxia can trigger a cascade of biochemical reactions in the body that have a vasoconstrictive effect on arteries and arterioles, which can result in the development of arterial hypertension. High blood pressure is also an unfavorable consequence of night sleep disorders.
A spasm of blood vessels in the pulmonary circulation due to hypoxemia (lack of oxygen supply) leads to an increase in pressure in the pulmonary artery system, the formation of a chronic pulmonary heart.
Airway obstruction, oxygen “hunger”, O2 underproduction is accompanied by a spasm of peripheral arteries, leading to a decrease in testosterone secretion.
These changes provoke an erection disorder even in young men. Patients decrease libido, develop sexual weakness.
Sometimes problems in the genital area are aggravated by bedwetting (enuresis). This significantly impairs the quality of life of patients, their social adaptation, leads to the emergence of complexes, psychological problems.
Impaired memory and attention
Changes in sleep phases, frequent awakenings, lack of oxygen coming to the brain vessels lead to disruption of the central nervous system functioning, which is manifested by decreased memory, concentration, deterioration of intellectual abilities.
These symptoms are accompanied by increased irritability, altered labile conditions (patients are often weeping or too apathetic).
Sometimes the degree of fatigue due to frequent waking up from snoring and breathing stops at night is so high that patients can fall asleep during the lunch break or while driving.
Studies have shown that drivers suffering from sleep apnea and snoring at night, get into a car accident 3 times more often than others.
Snoring is not always a harmless physiological phenomenon. Taking a pathological form, it can lead to diseases of the body that can cost the patient life. What is dangerous snoring in a dream, you should know everyone. When it appears, it is better to timely diagnose the body to identify the causes of snoring.